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In vivo visualization of the origination of skin graft vasculature in a wild-type/GFP crossover model


Calcagni, M; Althaus, M K; Knapik, A D; Hegland, N; Contaldo, C; Giovanoli, P; Lindenblatt, N (2011). In vivo visualization of the origination of skin graft vasculature in a wild-type/GFP crossover model. Microvascular Research, 82(3):237-245.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Skin substitutes are increasingly produced in tissue engineering, but still the understanding of the physiological skin revascularization process is lacking. To study in vivo conditions we recently introduced a mouse model, in which we already characterized the angiogenic changes within the wound bed and the skin graft. The aim of this study was to identify the origination of the vasculature during skin graft revascularization in vivo and to track vessel development over time.
METHODS:

We created a crossover wild-type/GFP skin transplantation model, in which each animal carried the graft from the other strain. The preparation of the modified dorsal skin fold chamber including cross-over skin grafting was performed in male C57BL/6J wild-type mice (n=5) and C57BL/6-Tg(ACTB-EGFP)1O sb/J mice (n=5). Intravital microscopy in 12 areas of wild-type and GFP skin grafts was performed daily over a time period of 10 days.
RESULTS:

Graft reperfusion started after 48-72 h. After reperfusion GFP-positive structures from the wound bed were visible in the graft capillaries with the highest density in the center of the graft. Overall, we observed a replacement of existing graft capillaries with vessels from the wound bed in 68% of the vessels. Of note, vessel replacement occurred in almost 100% of graft vessels in the periphery. Additionally, vessels within the graft showed a temporary angiogenic response between days 3-8, which originated predominantly from the autochthonous graft vasculature, but also contained already grown-in vessels from the wound bed.
CONCLUSIONS:

These in vivo data indicate an early in-growth of angiogenic bed vessels into the existing vascular channels of the graft and subsequent centripetal replacement. Additionally we observed a temporary angiogenic response of the autochthonous capillaries of the skin graft with contribution from bed vessels. These findings further support the theory that sprouting angiogenesis from the wound bed in combination with the replacement of existing graft vessels are the key factors in skin graft taking. Thus, manufacturing of skin substitutes should be aimed at providing pre-formed vascular channels within the construct to improve vascularization.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Skin substitutes are increasingly produced in tissue engineering, but still the understanding of the physiological skin revascularization process is lacking. To study in vivo conditions we recently introduced a mouse model, in which we already characterized the angiogenic changes within the wound bed and the skin graft. The aim of this study was to identify the origination of the vasculature during skin graft revascularization in vivo and to track vessel development over time.
METHODS:

We created a crossover wild-type/GFP skin transplantation model, in which each animal carried the graft from the other strain. The preparation of the modified dorsal skin fold chamber including cross-over skin grafting was performed in male C57BL/6J wild-type mice (n=5) and C57BL/6-Tg(ACTB-EGFP)1O sb/J mice (n=5). Intravital microscopy in 12 areas of wild-type and GFP skin grafts was performed daily over a time period of 10 days.
RESULTS:

Graft reperfusion started after 48-72 h. After reperfusion GFP-positive structures from the wound bed were visible in the graft capillaries with the highest density in the center of the graft. Overall, we observed a replacement of existing graft capillaries with vessels from the wound bed in 68% of the vessels. Of note, vessel replacement occurred in almost 100% of graft vessels in the periphery. Additionally, vessels within the graft showed a temporary angiogenic response between days 3-8, which originated predominantly from the autochthonous graft vasculature, but also contained already grown-in vessels from the wound bed.
CONCLUSIONS:

These in vivo data indicate an early in-growth of angiogenic bed vessels into the existing vascular channels of the graft and subsequent centripetal replacement. Additionally we observed a temporary angiogenic response of the autochthonous capillaries of the skin graft with contribution from bed vessels. These findings further support the theory that sprouting angiogenesis from the wound bed in combination with the replacement of existing graft vessels are the key factors in skin graft taking. Thus, manufacturing of skin substitutes should be aimed at providing pre-formed vascular channels within the construct to improve vascularization.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reconstructive Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:2011
Deposited On:26 Feb 2012 17:50
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 12:54
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1095-9319
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mvr.2011.07.003
PubMed ID:21784083

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