Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The evolution of plasmid-carried antibiotic resistance


Svara, F; Rankin, D J (2011). The evolution of plasmid-carried antibiotic resistance. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 11:130.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance represents a significant public health problem. When resistance genes are mobile, being carried on plasmids or phages, their spread can be greatly accelerated. Plasmids in particular have been implicated in the spread of antibiotic resistance genes. However, the selective pressures which favour plasmid-carried resistance genes have not been fully established. Here we address this issue with mathematical models of plasmid dynamics in response to different antibiotic treatment regimes. RESULTS: We show that transmission of plasmids is a key factor influencing plasmid-borne antibiotic resistance, but the dosage and interval between treatments is also important. Our results also hold when plasmids carrying the resistance gene are in competition with other plasmids that do not carry the resistance gene. By altering the interval between antibiotic treatments, and the dosage of antibiotic, we show that different treatment regimes can select for either plasmid-carried, or chromosome-carried, resistance. CONCLUSIONS: Our research addresses the effect of environmental variation on the evolution of plasmid-carried antibiotic resistance.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance represents a significant public health problem. When resistance genes are mobile, being carried on plasmids or phages, their spread can be greatly accelerated. Plasmids in particular have been implicated in the spread of antibiotic resistance genes. However, the selective pressures which favour plasmid-carried resistance genes have not been fully established. Here we address this issue with mathematical models of plasmid dynamics in response to different antibiotic treatment regimes. RESULTS: We show that transmission of plasmids is a key factor influencing plasmid-borne antibiotic resistance, but the dosage and interval between treatments is also important. Our results also hold when plasmids carrying the resistance gene are in competition with other plasmids that do not carry the resistance gene. By altering the interval between antibiotic treatments, and the dosage of antibiotic, we show that different treatment regimes can select for either plasmid-carried, or chromosome-carried, resistance. CONCLUSIONS: Our research addresses the effect of environmental variation on the evolution of plasmid-carried antibiotic resistance.

Statistics

Citations

20 citations in Web of Science®
27 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

81 downloads since deposited on 11 Mar 2012
19 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Language:English
Date:18 May 2011
Deposited On:11 Mar 2012 14:43
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 13:05
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2148
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-11-130
PubMed ID:21595903

Download

Download PDF  'The evolution of plasmid-carried antibiotic resistance'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 808kB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)