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Malassezia sympodialis thioredoxin-specific T cells are highly cross-reactive to human thioredoxin in atopic dermatitis


Balaji, H; Heratizadeh, A; Wichmann, K; Niebuhr, M; Crameri, R; Scheynius, A; Werfel, T (2011). Malassezia sympodialis thioredoxin-specific T cells are highly cross-reactive to human thioredoxin in atopic dermatitis. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 128(1):92-99.e4.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: IgE-mediated cross-reactivity between fungal antigens and human proteins has been described in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), but it remains to be elucidated whether there is also cross-reactivity at the T-cell level.

OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore cross-reactivity at the T-cell level between the fungal thioredoxin (Mala s 13) of the skin-colonizing yeast Malassezia sympodialis and its homologous human thioredoxin (hTrx).

METHODS: T-cell lines (TCLs) were generated in the presence of rMala s 13 from the peripheral blood and from skin biopsy specimens of positive patch test reactions of patients with AD sensitized to Mala s 13 and hTrx. Patients with AD not sensitized to Malassezia species, healthy subjects, and patients with psoriasis served as control subjects. Mala s 13-specific T-cell clones (TCCs) were generated from TCLs. TCCs were characterized by antigen specificity, phenotype, and cytokine secretion pattern. Human keratinocytes were stimulated with IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-4, and the release of hTrx was determined by means of ELISA.

RESULTS: Mala s 13-specific TCLs and TCCs from the blood and skin of patients with AD sensitized to Mala s 13 and hTrx were fully cross-reactive with hTrx. Mala s 13- and hTrx-specific TCCs could not be generated from control subjects. The majority of cross-reactive TCCs were CD4(+) and coexpressed cutaneous lymphocyte antigen. In addition to T(H)1 and T(H)2 TCCs, we could also identify TCCs secreting IL-17 and IL-22. After stimulation with IFN-γ and TNF-α, keratinocytes released substantial amounts of thioredoxin.

CONCLUSION: In patients with AD sensitized to Malassezia species, cross-reactivity at the T-cell level to Mala s 13 and the homologous hTrx is detectable. hTrx autoreactive skin-homing T cells might be relevant for cutaneous inflammation in patients with AD.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: IgE-mediated cross-reactivity between fungal antigens and human proteins has been described in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), but it remains to be elucidated whether there is also cross-reactivity at the T-cell level.

OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore cross-reactivity at the T-cell level between the fungal thioredoxin (Mala s 13) of the skin-colonizing yeast Malassezia sympodialis and its homologous human thioredoxin (hTrx).

METHODS: T-cell lines (TCLs) were generated in the presence of rMala s 13 from the peripheral blood and from skin biopsy specimens of positive patch test reactions of patients with AD sensitized to Mala s 13 and hTrx. Patients with AD not sensitized to Malassezia species, healthy subjects, and patients with psoriasis served as control subjects. Mala s 13-specific T-cell clones (TCCs) were generated from TCLs. TCCs were characterized by antigen specificity, phenotype, and cytokine secretion pattern. Human keratinocytes were stimulated with IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-4, and the release of hTrx was determined by means of ELISA.

RESULTS: Mala s 13-specific TCLs and TCCs from the blood and skin of patients with AD sensitized to Mala s 13 and hTrx were fully cross-reactive with hTrx. Mala s 13- and hTrx-specific TCCs could not be generated from control subjects. The majority of cross-reactive TCCs were CD4(+) and coexpressed cutaneous lymphocyte antigen. In addition to T(H)1 and T(H)2 TCCs, we could also identify TCCs secreting IL-17 and IL-22. After stimulation with IFN-γ and TNF-α, keratinocytes released substantial amounts of thioredoxin.

CONCLUSION: In patients with AD sensitized to Malassezia species, cross-reactivity at the T-cell level to Mala s 13 and the homologous hTrx is detectable. hTrx autoreactive skin-homing T cells might be relevant for cutaneous inflammation in patients with AD.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2011
Deposited On:05 Mar 2012 17:32
Last Modified:29 Jan 2017 08:30
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0091-6749
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2011.02.043
PubMed ID:21489611

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