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Trifunctional (99m)Tc based radiopharmaceuticals: metal-mediated conjugation of a peptide with a nucleus targeting intercalator


Zelenka, K; Borsig, L; Alberto, R (2011). Trifunctional (99m)Tc based radiopharmaceuticals: metal-mediated conjugation of a peptide with a nucleus targeting intercalator. Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, 9(4):1071-1078.

Abstract

The development of molecular imaging agents with multiple functions has become a major trend in radiopharmaceutical chemistry. We present herein the syntheses of trifunctional compounds, combining an acridine orange (AO) based intercalator with a GRP receptor specific bombesin like peptide (BBN). Metal-mediated conjugation of these two functions via the 2 + 1] approach to the third function, the M(CO)(3)](+) (M = (99m)Tc, Re) moiety, yielded the final trifunctional molecules. The strongly fluorescent acridine orange, a nuclear targeting agent, has been derivatised with 4-imidazolecarboxylate as a bidentate ligand and bombesin with an isonitrile group as a monodentate ligand. For cell and nuclear uptake studies, Re(L(1)-BBN)(L(2)-Ical)(CO)(3)] type complexes were synthesized and characterized. For radiopharmaceutical purposes, the (99m)Tc analogues have been prepared in a stepwise synthesis. Fluorescence microscopy studies on PC-3 cells, bearing the BBN receptor, showed high and rapid uptake into the cytoplasm. For the bifunctional molecule, lacking the BBN peptide, no internalization was observed.

Abstract

The development of molecular imaging agents with multiple functions has become a major trend in radiopharmaceutical chemistry. We present herein the syntheses of trifunctional compounds, combining an acridine orange (AO) based intercalator with a GRP receptor specific bombesin like peptide (BBN). Metal-mediated conjugation of these two functions via the 2 + 1] approach to the third function, the M(CO)(3)](+) (M = (99m)Tc, Re) moiety, yielded the final trifunctional molecules. The strongly fluorescent acridine orange, a nuclear targeting agent, has been derivatised with 4-imidazolecarboxylate as a bidentate ligand and bombesin with an isonitrile group as a monodentate ligand. For cell and nuclear uptake studies, Re(L(1)-BBN)(L(2)-Ical)(CO)(3)] type complexes were synthesized and characterized. For radiopharmaceutical purposes, the (99m)Tc analogues have been prepared in a stepwise synthesis. Fluorescence microscopy studies on PC-3 cells, bearing the BBN receptor, showed high and rapid uptake into the cytoplasm. For the bifunctional molecule, lacking the BBN peptide, no internalization was observed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:14 Mar 2012 13:52
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:41
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:1477-0520
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1039/c0ob00504e
Other Identification Number:ISI:000286895900018

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