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Rhenium in Homogeneous Catalysis: ReBrH(NO)(labile ligand) (large-bite-angle diphosphine)] Complexes as Highly Active Catalysts in Olefin Hydrogenations


Dudle, B; Rajesh, K; Blacque, O; Berke, H (2011). Rhenium in Homogeneous Catalysis: ReBrH(NO)(labile ligand) (large-bite-angle diphosphine)] Complexes as Highly Active Catalysts in Olefin Hydrogenations. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 133(21):8168-8178.

Abstract

The reaction of ReBr(2)(MeCN)(NO)(P boolean AND P)] (P boolean AND P = 1,1'-bisdiphenylphosphinoferrocene (dppfc) (la), 1,1'-bisriiisopropylphosphinopherrocene (diprpfc) (1b), 2,2'-bis(diphenylphosphino)diphenyi ether (dpephos) (1c), 10,11-dihydro-4,5bis(diphenylphosphino)dibenzobf]oxepine (homoxantphos) (1d) and 4,6-bis(diphenylphosphino)-10,10-dimethylphenoxasilin (Sixantphos) (1e)) led in the presence of HSiEt(3) and ethylene to formation of the ethylene hydride complexes ReBrH(eta(2)-C(2)H(4))(NO)(P boolean AND P)] (3a,b,d), the MeCN ethyl complex ReBr(Et)(MeCN)(NO)(dpephos)] (5c) and two ortho-metalated stereoisomers ReBr(eta(2)-C(2)H(4))(NO)(eta(3)-o-C(6)H(4)-Sixantphos)] 8e(up) and 8e(down). The complexes 3a,b,d, and 5c and the isomers of 8e showed high catalytic activity (TOFs ranging from 22 to 4870 h(-1), TONs up to 24000) in the hydrogenation of monosubstituted olefins. For 8e(down) and 8e(up) a remarkable functional group tolerance and catalyst stability were noticed. Kinetic experiments revealed k(obs) to be first order in c(cat) and c(H(2)) and zeroth order in c(olefin). Mechanistic studies and DFT calculations suggest the catalysis to proceed along an Osborn-type catalytic cycle with olefin before H2 addition. The unsaturated key intermediates ReBrH(NO)(P boolean AND P)] (2a-e) could be intercepted with MeCN as ReBrH(MeCN)(NO)(P boolean AND P)] (10a-d) complexes or isolated as dimeric mu(2)-(H)(2) complexes {ReBr(mu(2)-H)(NO)(P boolean AND P)}(2)] (9b and 9e). Variation of the bidentate ligand demonstrated a crucial influence of the (large)-bite-angle on the catalytic performance and reactivity of 3a,b,d, 5c, and 8e.

Abstract

The reaction of ReBr(2)(MeCN)(NO)(P boolean AND P)] (P boolean AND P = 1,1'-bisdiphenylphosphinoferrocene (dppfc) (la), 1,1'-bisriiisopropylphosphinopherrocene (diprpfc) (1b), 2,2'-bis(diphenylphosphino)diphenyi ether (dpephos) (1c), 10,11-dihydro-4,5bis(diphenylphosphino)dibenzobf]oxepine (homoxantphos) (1d) and 4,6-bis(diphenylphosphino)-10,10-dimethylphenoxasilin (Sixantphos) (1e)) led in the presence of HSiEt(3) and ethylene to formation of the ethylene hydride complexes ReBrH(eta(2)-C(2)H(4))(NO)(P boolean AND P)] (3a,b,d), the MeCN ethyl complex ReBr(Et)(MeCN)(NO)(dpephos)] (5c) and two ortho-metalated stereoisomers ReBr(eta(2)-C(2)H(4))(NO)(eta(3)-o-C(6)H(4)-Sixantphos)] 8e(up) and 8e(down). The complexes 3a,b,d, and 5c and the isomers of 8e showed high catalytic activity (TOFs ranging from 22 to 4870 h(-1), TONs up to 24000) in the hydrogenation of monosubstituted olefins. For 8e(down) and 8e(up) a remarkable functional group tolerance and catalyst stability were noticed. Kinetic experiments revealed k(obs) to be first order in c(cat) and c(H(2)) and zeroth order in c(olefin). Mechanistic studies and DFT calculations suggest the catalysis to proceed along an Osborn-type catalytic cycle with olefin before H2 addition. The unsaturated key intermediates ReBrH(NO)(P boolean AND P)] (2a-e) could be intercepted with MeCN as ReBrH(MeCN)(NO)(P boolean AND P)] (10a-d) complexes or isolated as dimeric mu(2)-(H)(2) complexes {ReBr(mu(2)-H)(NO)(P boolean AND P)}(2)] (9b and 9e). Variation of the bidentate ligand demonstrated a crucial influence of the (large)-bite-angle on the catalytic performance and reactivity of 3a,b,d, 5c, and 8e.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:June 2011
Deposited On:12 Mar 2012 14:29
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 13:11
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0002-7863
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/ja107245k
Other Identification Number:ISI:000291459100029

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