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Synthesis, characterisation and cytotoxicity of polyoxometalate/carboxymethyl chitosan nanocomposites


Geisberger, G; Paulus, S; Carraro, M; Bonchio, M; Patzke, Greta R (2011). Synthesis, characterisation and cytotoxicity of polyoxometalate/carboxymethyl chitosan nanocomposites. Chemistry - A European Journal, 17(16):4619-4625.

Abstract

Chitosan and its derivates continue to attract considerable research interest as effective drug carriers with good biocompatibility and high cellular uptake rates. We used these versatile features to tap the considerable biomedical potential of polyoxometalates (POMs) through their encapsulation into a carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) matrix. The nanocapsules were prepared by ionic gelification with Ca(2+); their size distribution ranges from 60 to 150 nm. Because Co(4)(H(2)O)(2)(PW(9)O(34))(2)](10-) is well known for its manifold properties, such as antiviral activity, it was selected as a model POM. The resulting composites were characterised with a wide range of analytical methods, which pointed to quantitative encapsulation of intact POMs within the CMC matrix. We studied the biocompatibility of the POM/CMC nanocomposites on HeLa cells through MTT and proliferation assays. Even after prolonged incubation times at high concentrations, the composites did not display cytotoxicity, thereby drastically reducing the side effects of the pristine POMs. This opens up new avenues for designing novel inorganic drug prototypes from bioactive POMs.

Abstract

Chitosan and its derivates continue to attract considerable research interest as effective drug carriers with good biocompatibility and high cellular uptake rates. We used these versatile features to tap the considerable biomedical potential of polyoxometalates (POMs) through their encapsulation into a carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) matrix. The nanocapsules were prepared by ionic gelification with Ca(2+); their size distribution ranges from 60 to 150 nm. Because Co(4)(H(2)O)(2)(PW(9)O(34))(2)](10-) is well known for its manifold properties, such as antiviral activity, it was selected as a model POM. The resulting composites were characterised with a wide range of analytical methods, which pointed to quantitative encapsulation of intact POMs within the CMC matrix. We studied the biocompatibility of the POM/CMC nanocomposites on HeLa cells through MTT and proliferation assays. Even after prolonged incubation times at high concentrations, the composites did not display cytotoxicity, thereby drastically reducing the side effects of the pristine POMs. This opens up new avenues for designing novel inorganic drug prototypes from bioactive POMs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:April 2011
Deposited On:12 Mar 2012 16:31
Last Modified:13 May 2017 07:32
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0947-6539
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201002815
Other Identification Number:ISI:000290159000031

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