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Acute plant poisoning: Analysis of clinical features and circumstances of exposure


Fuchs, J. Acute plant poisoning: Analysis of clinical features and circumstances of exposure. 2011, University of Zurich, Faculty of Medicine.

Abstract

Human contact with potentially toxic plants, which may occur through abuse or by accident or attempted suicide, is frequent and sometimes results in clinically signifi cant toxicity. Objective. The aim of the present study was to identify which plants may lead to severe poisoning, and to defi ne the clinical relevance of plant toxicity for humans in Switzerland. Methods . We analyzed 42 193 cases of human plant exposure and 255 acute moderate, severe, and lethal poisonings, which were reported to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre between January 1995 and December 2009. Results . Plant contact was rarely responsible for serious poisonings. Lethal intoxications were extremely rare and were caused by plants with cardiotoxic ( Taxus baccata ) or mitosis-inhibiting ( Colchicum autumnale ) properties.
Conclusions . Most often, plant contact was accidental and patients remained asymptomatic or developed mild symptoms, which fully resolved within a short time.

Abstract

Human contact with potentially toxic plants, which may occur through abuse or by accident or attempted suicide, is frequent and sometimes results in clinically signifi cant toxicity. Objective. The aim of the present study was to identify which plants may lead to severe poisoning, and to defi ne the clinical relevance of plant toxicity for humans in Switzerland. Methods . We analyzed 42 193 cases of human plant exposure and 255 acute moderate, severe, and lethal poisonings, which were reported to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre between January 1995 and December 2009. Results . Plant contact was rarely responsible for serious poisonings. Lethal intoxications were extremely rare and were caused by plants with cardiotoxic ( Taxus baccata ) or mitosis-inhibiting ( Colchicum autumnale ) properties.
Conclusions . Most often, plant contact was accidental and patients remained asymptomatic or developed mild symptoms, which fully resolved within a short time.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Dissertation
Referees:Kullak-Ublick G A, Ceschi A
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:10 Mar 2012 12:06
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 13:19
Additional Information:Publiziert in und Sonderdruck aus: Clinical Toxicology, 49 (2011) (s. ZORA: http://www.zora.uzh.ch/58163/)
Related URLs:http://opac.nebis.ch/F/?local_base=NEBIS&CON_LNG=GER&func=find-b&find_code=SYS&request=006713459
http://www.zora.uzh.ch/58163/

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