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Bilateral lung transplantation for pediatric idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension: a multi-center experience


Schaellibaum, G; Lammers, A E; Faro, A; Moreno-Galdo, A; Parakininkas, D; Schecter, M G; Solomon, M; Boyer, D; Conrad, C; Frischer, T; Wong, J; Boehler, A; Benden, C (2011). Bilateral lung transplantation for pediatric idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension: a multi-center experience. Pediatric Pulmonology, 46(11):1121-1127.

Abstract

Many children with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) experience disease progression despite advanced medical therapy. In these children, heart-lung or bilateral lung transplantation (BLTx) remain the only therapeutic options when other treatments fail. Data on functional outcome after BLTx in children with IPAH are limited. We report a multi-center experience of BLTx for pediatric IPAH. We performed a retrospective study including 25 centers within the International Pediatric Lung Transplant Collaborative. Children with IPAH who underwent BLTx were included (1996-2006). Twenty-three children underwent BLTx for IPAH, most of whom were in WHO class III or IV level of function pre-transplantation. At 6 months post-transplantation, 82% of children reported improvement in level of function to WHO class I. The median FEV(1) was 89% (12-126) of predicted at 12 months post-transplantation. Ten patients (44%) developed BOS at a median of 42 months (3-85), of whom five died at a median of 27 months (4-86) post-transplantation. Overall mortality was 4% at 3 months post-transplantation. The median survival for children in this cohort was 45 months (2-123). Our data suggest that BLTx is a valuable therapeutic option for children with end-stage IPAH with outcomes comparable to that after heart-lung transplantation in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension or those patients undergoing lung transplantation for other indications. In the majority of children, a good cardiopulmonary function is possible following BLTx, making BLTx a good therapeutic option and maximizing donor organ utilization by allowing more hearts to be available for children needing cardiac transplantation.

Abstract

Many children with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) experience disease progression despite advanced medical therapy. In these children, heart-lung or bilateral lung transplantation (BLTx) remain the only therapeutic options when other treatments fail. Data on functional outcome after BLTx in children with IPAH are limited. We report a multi-center experience of BLTx for pediatric IPAH. We performed a retrospective study including 25 centers within the International Pediatric Lung Transplant Collaborative. Children with IPAH who underwent BLTx were included (1996-2006). Twenty-three children underwent BLTx for IPAH, most of whom were in WHO class III or IV level of function pre-transplantation. At 6 months post-transplantation, 82% of children reported improvement in level of function to WHO class I. The median FEV(1) was 89% (12-126) of predicted at 12 months post-transplantation. Ten patients (44%) developed BOS at a median of 42 months (3-85), of whom five died at a median of 27 months (4-86) post-transplantation. Overall mortality was 4% at 3 months post-transplantation. The median survival for children in this cohort was 45 months (2-123). Our data suggest that BLTx is a valuable therapeutic option for children with end-stage IPAH with outcomes comparable to that after heart-lung transplantation in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension or those patients undergoing lung transplantation for other indications. In the majority of children, a good cardiopulmonary function is possible following BLTx, making BLTx a good therapeutic option and maximizing donor organ utilization by allowing more hearts to be available for children needing cardiac transplantation.

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9 citations in Web of Science®
6 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:04 Mar 2012 18:07
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 13:22
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1099-0496
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.21484
PubMed ID:21634032

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