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The French Great Depression: a business cycle accounting analysis


Bridji, Slim (2012). The French Great Depression: a business cycle accounting analysis. Working paper series / Department of Economics 65, University of Zurich.

Abstract

Using the business cycle accounting framework [Chari V., P. Kehoe and E. McGrattan 2007. Business Cycle Accounting. Econometrica 75, 781-836.], this paper sheds new light on the French Great Depression. Frictions that reduce the efficiency with which factor inputs are used (efficiency wedge) were the primary factor in the economic downturn. The decline in consumption can be attributed to distortions in the Euler equation (investment wedge). In addition, frictions creating a gap between the marginal rate of substitution and the marginal product of labor (labor wedge) contributed to the slowdown of the economy after 1936. This drop in the efficiency wedge might have resulted from financial frictions and tariff policies, whereas the investment wedge might have been caused by financial frictions due to agency costs. A potential explanation for the decline of the labor wedge after 1936 is institutionals changes in the labor market.

Abstract

Using the business cycle accounting framework [Chari V., P. Kehoe and E. McGrattan 2007. Business Cycle Accounting. Econometrica 75, 781-836.], this paper sheds new light on the French Great Depression. Frictions that reduce the efficiency with which factor inputs are used (efficiency wedge) were the primary factor in the economic downturn. The decline in consumption can be attributed to distortions in the Euler equation (investment wedge). In addition, frictions creating a gap between the marginal rate of substitution and the marginal product of labor (labor wedge) contributed to the slowdown of the economy after 1936. This drop in the efficiency wedge might have resulted from financial frictions and tariff policies, whereas the investment wedge might have been caused by financial frictions due to agency costs. A potential explanation for the decline of the labor wedge after 1936 is institutionals changes in the labor market.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Working Paper Series > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:E32, N14, N44
Uncontrolled Keywords:Business Cycle Accounting, French Economy, Great Depression
Language:English
Date:24 February 2012
Deposited On:29 Feb 2012 16:16
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 13:27
Series Name:Working paper series / Department of Economics
Number of Pages:26
ISSN:1664-7041 (P) 1664-705X (E)
Official URL:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp/econwp065.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/workingpapers.php

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