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Das normative "ist" und das konstative "soll"


Ferber, Rafael (1988). Das normative "ist" und das konstative "soll". Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, 74(2):185-199.

Abstract

Despite the fact that Aristotle and Frege/Russell differ in how to understand the ambiguity in the meaning of the word “is”, their theories share a common feature: “is” does not have a normative meaning, but a constative meaning. This paper, however, shows (1) that there is a normative meaning of “is” (and correspondingly a constative meaning of the word “ought”) and (2) that the ambiguity of “is” is itself ambiguous. Furthermore, the paper proposes (3) a performative criterion for making a distinction between constative and normative “is”. It is thereby possible to attack Searle’s famous argument against Hume’s law.

Cf. for the fallacy in Searle’s argument against "Hume’s law" also Ferber, Rafael (1994). Moral Judgments as Descriptions of Institutional Facts. In: Meggle, Georg; Wessels, Ulla: Analyomen 1, Proceedings of the 1st Conference "Perspectives in Analytical Philosophy". Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 719-729, esp. 722-724:
http://www.zora.uzh.ch/98246/

Abstract

Despite the fact that Aristotle and Frege/Russell differ in how to understand the ambiguity in the meaning of the word “is”, their theories share a common feature: “is” does not have a normative meaning, but a constative meaning. This paper, however, shows (1) that there is a normative meaning of “is” (and correspondingly a constative meaning of the word “ought”) and (2) that the ambiguity of “is” is itself ambiguous. Furthermore, the paper proposes (3) a performative criterion for making a distinction between constative and normative “is”. It is thereby possible to attack Searle’s famous argument against Hume’s law.

Cf. for the fallacy in Searle’s argument against "Hume’s law" also Ferber, Rafael (1994). Moral Judgments as Descriptions of Institutional Facts. In: Meggle, Georg; Wessels, Ulla: Analyomen 1, Proceedings of the 1st Conference "Perspectives in Analytical Philosophy". Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 719-729, esp. 722-724:
http://www.zora.uzh.ch/98246/

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Philosophy
Dewey Decimal Classification:100 Philosophy
Language:German
Date:1988
Deposited On:10 Mar 2012 14:58
Last Modified:14 Jul 2017 08:54
Publisher:Franz Steiner Verlag
ISSN:0001-2343
Additional Information:Shortened english version in: Reports of the 12. International Wittgenstein-Symposiums, 7th to 14th August 1987, Kirchberg/ Wechsel (Austria), Law - Politics - Society, ed. by O. Weinberger, P. Koller, A. Schramm, Schriftenreihe der Wittgenstein-Gesellschaft, l6, Wien 1988, 17-20.
Related URLs:http://www.zora.uzh.ch/98246/

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