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Site-specific incorporation of N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-acetylaminofluorene (dG-AAF) into oligonucleotides using modified 'ultra-mild' DNA synthesis


Gillet, Ludovic C J; Alzeer, Jawad; Schärer, Orlando D (2005). Site-specific incorporation of N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-acetylaminofluorene (dG-AAF) into oligonucleotides using modified 'ultra-mild' DNA synthesis. Nucleic Acids Research, 33(6):1961-1969.

Abstract

Aromatic amino and nitro compounds are potent carcinogens found in the environment that exert their toxic effects by reacting with DNA following metabolic activation. One important adduct is N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-acetylaminofluorene (dG-AAF), which has been extensively used in studies of the mechanisms of DNA repair and mutagenesis. Despite the importance of dG-AAF adducts in DNA, an efficient method for its incorporation into DNA using solid-phase synthesis is still missing. We report the development of a modified 'ultra-mild' DNA synthesis protocol that allows the incorporation of dG-AAF into oligonucleotides of any length accessible by solid-phase DNA synthesis with high efficiency and independent of sequence context. Key to this endeavor was the development of improved deprotection conditions (10% diisopropylamine in methanol supplemented with 0.25 M of beta-mercaptoethanol) designed to remove protecting groups of commercially available 'ultra-mild' phosphoramidite building blocks without compromising the integrity of the exquisitely base-labile acetyl group at N8 of dG-AAF. We demonstrate the suitability of these oligonucleotides in the nucleotide excision repair reaction. Our synthetic approach should facilitate comprehensive studies of the mechanisms of repair and mutagenesis induced by dG-AAF adducts in DNA and should be of general use for the incorporation of base-labile functionalities into DNA.

Abstract

Aromatic amino and nitro compounds are potent carcinogens found in the environment that exert their toxic effects by reacting with DNA following metabolic activation. One important adduct is N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-acetylaminofluorene (dG-AAF), which has been extensively used in studies of the mechanisms of DNA repair and mutagenesis. Despite the importance of dG-AAF adducts in DNA, an efficient method for its incorporation into DNA using solid-phase synthesis is still missing. We report the development of a modified 'ultra-mild' DNA synthesis protocol that allows the incorporation of dG-AAF into oligonucleotides of any length accessible by solid-phase DNA synthesis with high efficiency and independent of sequence context. Key to this endeavor was the development of improved deprotection conditions (10% diisopropylamine in methanol supplemented with 0.25 M of beta-mercaptoethanol) designed to remove protecting groups of commercially available 'ultra-mild' phosphoramidite building blocks without compromising the integrity of the exquisitely base-labile acetyl group at N8 of dG-AAF. We demonstrate the suitability of these oligonucleotides in the nucleotide excision repair reaction. Our synthetic approach should facilitate comprehensive studies of the mechanisms of repair and mutagenesis induced by dG-AAF adducts in DNA and should be of general use for the incorporation of base-labile functionalities into DNA.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2005
Deposited On:16 Jul 2012 13:03
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 13:39
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-1048
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gki335
PubMed ID:15814813

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