An increasing number of people around the world are diversifying their sources of income through migration. In most cases only some members of the family migrate, making their livelihoods multi-local, be it within a country or across international borders. There are two major ways of approaching migration in research: from a livelihoods perspective, on the one hand, and from the perspective of transnational migration and transnational social spaces, on the other. Scholars rarely combine the two. One major criticism of both approaches is that they are not linked to other existing social theories. A theoretical foundation is necessary in order to gain a better understanding of people’s access to and use of resources, of the relationship between subjects and society, and of socio-economic dependencies, as well as to be able to extrapolate the results of case studies. The present article addresses this criticism by proposing Bourdieu’s theory of practice as a means of filling this theoretical gap.