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Flat-Panel CT Arthrography: Feasibility Study and Comparison to Multidetector CT Arthrography


Guggenberger, Roman; Fischer, Michael Alexander; Hodler, Juerg; Pfammatter, Thomas; Andreisek, Gustav (2012). Flat-Panel CT Arthrography: Feasibility Study and Comparison to Multidetector CT Arthrography. Investigative Radiology, 47(5):312-318.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

: To show the feasibility of flat-panel computed tomography (FPCT) arthrography and quantitatively and qualitatively compare different FPCT protocols with standard multidetector computed tomography (MDCT).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:

: First, a phantom simulating joint space with increasing iodine concentrations was scanned using a standard MDCT and 3 different FPCT protocols. Quantitative analyses were performed by measuring CT numbers of iodine dilutions, radiation dose, and image noise as well as signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio. Second, FPCT arthrographies of 4 animal joint specimens were performed and analyzed qualitatively by 2 independent readers who evaluated image artifacts, image noise, overall image quality and anatomic depiction of bone, cartilage, and soft tissue. Kappa values were calculated for inter-reader agreement. Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) and Wilcoxon signed-ranks test with Bonferroni corrections for multiple comparisons were used to compare MDCT and FPCT.
RESULTS:

: In phantoms, all CT scans showed a linear correlation between increasing iodine concentrations and mean HU values of contrast media and radiation dose, respectively (r = 0.98-0.99, P < 0.01). Dose-length product remained constant for MDCT scans. Signal-to-noise ratio for phantom water linearly decreased in all FPCT scans with increasing iodine concentrations. Contrast-to-noise ratio curves showed reduced slope at iodine concentrations higher than 75 mg/mL. FPCT arthrography after intra-articular administration of 5 to 6 mL of a 25% dilution of iopromide (Ultravist 300 mg/mL, Bayer HealthCare, Berlin, Germany) was successfully performed in all 4 animal joint specimens. Kappa values for inter-reader agreement of qualitative image analyses were 0.62 to 0.91. Image and depiction quality of 20-s FPCT scans were similar or superior compared with standard MDCT (P < 0.005).
CONCLUSION:

: FPCT arthrography is feasible and may allow similar image quality compared with standard MDCT arthrography.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

: To show the feasibility of flat-panel computed tomography (FPCT) arthrography and quantitatively and qualitatively compare different FPCT protocols with standard multidetector computed tomography (MDCT).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:

: First, a phantom simulating joint space with increasing iodine concentrations was scanned using a standard MDCT and 3 different FPCT protocols. Quantitative analyses were performed by measuring CT numbers of iodine dilutions, radiation dose, and image noise as well as signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio. Second, FPCT arthrographies of 4 animal joint specimens were performed and analyzed qualitatively by 2 independent readers who evaluated image artifacts, image noise, overall image quality and anatomic depiction of bone, cartilage, and soft tissue. Kappa values were calculated for inter-reader agreement. Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) and Wilcoxon signed-ranks test with Bonferroni corrections for multiple comparisons were used to compare MDCT and FPCT.
RESULTS:

: In phantoms, all CT scans showed a linear correlation between increasing iodine concentrations and mean HU values of contrast media and radiation dose, respectively (r = 0.98-0.99, P < 0.01). Dose-length product remained constant for MDCT scans. Signal-to-noise ratio for phantom water linearly decreased in all FPCT scans with increasing iodine concentrations. Contrast-to-noise ratio curves showed reduced slope at iodine concentrations higher than 75 mg/mL. FPCT arthrography after intra-articular administration of 5 to 6 mL of a 25% dilution of iopromide (Ultravist 300 mg/mL, Bayer HealthCare, Berlin, Germany) was successfully performed in all 4 animal joint specimens. Kappa values for inter-reader agreement of qualitative image analyses were 0.62 to 0.91. Image and depiction quality of 20-s FPCT scans were similar or superior compared with standard MDCT (P < 0.005).
CONCLUSION:

: FPCT arthrography is feasible and may allow similar image quality compared with standard MDCT arthrography.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:20 Apr 2012 08:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:47
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0020-9996
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/RLI.0b013e3182419082
PubMed ID:22488509

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