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Structural change in developing countries: has it decreased gender inequality?


Rendall, Michelle (2012). Structural change in developing countries: has it decreased gender inequality? Working paper series / Department of Economics 77, University of Zurich.

Abstract

This paper examines the evolution of female labor market outcomes from 1987 to 2008 by assessing the role of changing labor demand requirements in four developing countries: Brazil, Mexico, India and Thailand. The results highlight the importance of structural change in reducing gender disparities by decreasing the labor demand for physical attributes. The results show that India, the country with the greatest physical labor requirements, exhibits the largest labor market gender inequality. In contrast, Brazil's labor requirements have followed a similar trend seen in the United States, reducing gender inequality in both wages and labor force participation.

Abstract

This paper examines the evolution of female labor market outcomes from 1987 to 2008 by assessing the role of changing labor demand requirements in four developing countries: Brazil, Mexico, India and Thailand. The results highlight the importance of structural change in reducing gender disparities by decreasing the labor demand for physical attributes. The results show that India, the country with the greatest physical labor requirements, exhibits the largest labor market gender inequality. In contrast, Brazil's labor requirements have followed a similar trend seen in the United States, reducing gender inequality in both wages and labor force participation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Working Paper Series > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:J20, J23, J24, J31, O31, O33
Uncontrolled Keywords:Structural Change, Job Tasks, Female Employment, Wage Gap, Latin America, Asia
Language:English
Date:May 2012
Deposited On:22 May 2012 12:50
Last Modified:13 Aug 2017 07:35
Series Name:Working paper series / Department of Economics
Number of Pages:42
ISSN:1664-7041
Official URL:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp/econwp077.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/workingpapers.php

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