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The human RecQ helicases BLM and RECQL4 cooperate to preserve genome stability


Singh, Dharmendra Kumar; Popuri, Venkateswarlu; Kulikowicz, Tomasz; Shevelev, Igor; Ghosh, Avik K; Ramamoorthy, Mahesh; Rossi, Marie L; Janscak, Pavel; Croteau, Deborah L; Bohr, Vilhelm A (2012). The human RecQ helicases BLM and RECQL4 cooperate to preserve genome stability. Nucleic Acids Research, 40(14):6632-6648.

Abstract

Bacteria and yeast possess one RecQ helicase homolog whereas humans contain five RecQ helicases, all of which are important in preserving genome stability. Three of these, BLM, WRN and RECQL4, are mutated in human diseases manifesting in premature aging and cancer. We are interested in determining to which extent these RecQ helicases function cooperatively. Here, we report a novel physical and functional interaction between BLM and RECQL4. Both BLM and RECQL4 interact in vivo and in vitro. We have mapped the BLM interacting site to the N-terminus of RECQL4, comprising amino acids 361-478, and the region of BLM encompassing amino acids 1-902 interacts with RECQL4. RECQL4 specifically stimulates BLM helicase activity on DNA fork substrates in vitro. The in vivo interaction between RECQL4 and BLM is enhanced during the S-phase of the cell cycle, and after treatment with ionizing radiation. The retention of RECQL4 at DNA double-strand breaks is shortened in BLM-deficient cells. Further, depletion of RECQL4 in BLM-deficient cells leads to reduced proliferative capacity and an increased frequency of sister chromatid exchanges. Together, our results suggest that BLM and RECQL4 have coordinated activities that promote genome stability.

Abstract

Bacteria and yeast possess one RecQ helicase homolog whereas humans contain five RecQ helicases, all of which are important in preserving genome stability. Three of these, BLM, WRN and RECQL4, are mutated in human diseases manifesting in premature aging and cancer. We are interested in determining to which extent these RecQ helicases function cooperatively. Here, we report a novel physical and functional interaction between BLM and RECQL4. Both BLM and RECQL4 interact in vivo and in vitro. We have mapped the BLM interacting site to the N-terminus of RECQL4, comprising amino acids 361-478, and the region of BLM encompassing amino acids 1-902 interacts with RECQL4. RECQL4 specifically stimulates BLM helicase activity on DNA fork substrates in vitro. The in vivo interaction between RECQL4 and BLM is enhanced during the S-phase of the cell cycle, and after treatment with ionizing radiation. The retention of RECQL4 at DNA double-strand breaks is shortened in BLM-deficient cells. Further, depletion of RECQL4 in BLM-deficient cells leads to reduced proliferative capacity and an increased frequency of sister chromatid exchanges. Together, our results suggest that BLM and RECQL4 have coordinated activities that promote genome stability.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:06 Jul 2012 07:02
Last Modified:09 Aug 2017 10:37
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-1048
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gks349
PubMed ID:22544709

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