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Characterization of interstitial Xp duplications in two families by tiling path array CGH


Tzschach, A; Chen, W; Erdogan, F; Hoeller, A; Ropers, H H; Castellan, Claudio; Ullmann, R; Schinzel, A (2008). Characterization of interstitial Xp duplications in two families by tiling path array CGH. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A, 146A(2):197-203.

Abstract

Duplications of the short arm of the X chromosome in male patients are rare. We report on the clinical features of mentally retarded patients in two families with different interstitial duplications of Xp and their characterization by tiling path array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH). In Family A, we detected a duplication of 9.3 Mb in Xp11p21 in a male with severe mental retardation [karyotype 46,XY,dup(X)(p11.3p21.1)] and his healthy mother. The clinical features of this patient--severe mental retardation, obesity, macrocephaly--are in accordance with those of a previously reported patient with a similar duplication. In Family B, a duplication of 8.5 Mb was diagnosed in Xp22 in three male patients with mental retardation [karyotype 46,XY,dup(X)(p22.11p22.2)] and two healthy females. Characterization of the duplications by array CGH enabled the identification of the genes within these intervals. These comprise known mental retardation genes such as MAOA, NDP, TM4SF2, NDP, RSK2, and CDKL5. Duplication of MAOA will be discussed as a possible cause of obesity.

Abstract

Duplications of the short arm of the X chromosome in male patients are rare. We report on the clinical features of mentally retarded patients in two families with different interstitial duplications of Xp and their characterization by tiling path array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH). In Family A, we detected a duplication of 9.3 Mb in Xp11p21 in a male with severe mental retardation [karyotype 46,XY,dup(X)(p11.3p21.1)] and his healthy mother. The clinical features of this patient--severe mental retardation, obesity, macrocephaly--are in accordance with those of a previously reported patient with a similar duplication. In Family B, a duplication of 8.5 Mb was diagnosed in Xp22 in three male patients with mental retardation [karyotype 46,XY,dup(X)(p22.11p22.2)] and two healthy females. Characterization of the duplications by array CGH enabled the identification of the genes within these intervals. These comprise known mental retardation genes such as MAOA, NDP, TM4SF2, NDP, RSK2, and CDKL5. Duplication of MAOA will be discussed as a possible cause of obesity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:11 Dec 2008 08:04
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:37
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1552-4825
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.32070
PubMed ID:18076117

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