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Chromosomal map of human brain malformations


Tyshchenko, N; Lurie, I; Schinzel, A (2008). Chromosomal map of human brain malformations. Human genetics, 124(1):73-80.

Abstract

The etiology of most central nervous system (CNS) malformations remains unknown. We have utilized the fact that autosomal chromosome aberrations are commonly associated with CNS malformations to identify new causative gene loci. The human cytogenetic database, a computerized catalog of the clinical phenotypes associated with cytogenetically detectable human chromosome aberrations, was used to identify patients with 14 selected brain malformations including 541 with deletions, and 290 carrying duplications. These cases were used to develop an autosomal deletion and duplication map consisting of 67 different deleted malformation associated bands (MABs) in 55 regions and 88 different duplicated MABs in 36 regions; 31 of the deleted and 8 duplicated MABs were highly significantly associated (P < 0.001). All holoprosencephaly MABs found in the database contained a known HPE gene providing some level of validation for the approach. Significantly associated MABs are discussed for each malformation together with the published data about known disease-causing genes and reported malformation-associated loci, as well as the limitations of the proposed approach.

Abstract

The etiology of most central nervous system (CNS) malformations remains unknown. We have utilized the fact that autosomal chromosome aberrations are commonly associated with CNS malformations to identify new causative gene loci. The human cytogenetic database, a computerized catalog of the clinical phenotypes associated with cytogenetically detectable human chromosome aberrations, was used to identify patients with 14 selected brain malformations including 541 with deletions, and 290 carrying duplications. These cases were used to develop an autosomal deletion and duplication map consisting of 67 different deleted malformation associated bands (MABs) in 55 regions and 88 different duplicated MABs in 36 regions; 31 of the deleted and 8 duplicated MABs were highly significantly associated (P < 0.001). All holoprosencephaly MABs found in the database contained a known HPE gene providing some level of validation for the approach. Significantly associated MABs are discussed for each malformation together with the published data about known disease-causing genes and reported malformation-associated loci, as well as the limitations of the proposed approach.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:11 Dec 2008 07:36
Last Modified:18 Feb 2018 09:55
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0340-6717
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00439-008-0528-2
PubMed ID:18563447

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