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Calcar comminution as prognostic factor of clinical outcome after locking plate fixation of proximal humeral fractures


Osterhoff, Georg; Hoch, Armando; Wanner, Guido A; Simmen, Hans-Peter; Werner, Clément M L (2012). Calcar comminution as prognostic factor of clinical outcome after locking plate fixation of proximal humeral fractures. Injury, 43(10):1651-1656.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: In the treatment of proximal humeral fractures, the decision between open fixation and arthroplasty is often difficult. Applicable radiographic prognostic factors would be useful. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of calcar comminution on the clinical and radiologic outcome after locking plate fixation of these fractures.
METHODS: In patients with proximal humeral fractures that were treated by locking plate fixation, fracture morphology and the presence of comminution of the calcar were documented on preoperative radiographs. Follow-up for at least 2 years with radiologic assessment and functional outcome measurements including Constant score, subjective shoulder value (SSV), disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand score (DASH), visual analogue scale (VAS) and short form (SF)-36 was performed.
RESULTS: Follow-up examination (50.8±20.6 months) was possible in 74 patients (46 female, 28 male, age 63.0±15.9 years). Mean absolute Constant score (CS abs), CS adapted to age and gender (CS adap), DASH, SSV and VAS were 72.4±14.5, 85.2±17.3%, 15.7±17.3, 80.3±19.6% and 2.1±2.2. Nonunion was present in 1.3%, cut-out in 5.4% and implant failure in 1.3%. Avascular necrosis (AVN) was seen in 12.2%, in three cases >24 months after the initial trauma. In the presence of calcar comminution, the clinical outcome (CS abs, CS adap, SSV and several parameters of SF-36) was significantly impaired, the odds ratio for these patients to have an absolute CS<65 was 4.4 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.4-13.7).
CONCLUSIONS: The treatment of proximal humeral fractures with locking plate fixation achieves good clinical mid-term results. Calcar comminution is a relevant and easy-to-detect prognostic factor for the functional and subjective outcome in these fractures.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: In the treatment of proximal humeral fractures, the decision between open fixation and arthroplasty is often difficult. Applicable radiographic prognostic factors would be useful. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of calcar comminution on the clinical and radiologic outcome after locking plate fixation of these fractures.
METHODS: In patients with proximal humeral fractures that were treated by locking plate fixation, fracture morphology and the presence of comminution of the calcar were documented on preoperative radiographs. Follow-up for at least 2 years with radiologic assessment and functional outcome measurements including Constant score, subjective shoulder value (SSV), disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand score (DASH), visual analogue scale (VAS) and short form (SF)-36 was performed.
RESULTS: Follow-up examination (50.8±20.6 months) was possible in 74 patients (46 female, 28 male, age 63.0±15.9 years). Mean absolute Constant score (CS abs), CS adapted to age and gender (CS adap), DASH, SSV and VAS were 72.4±14.5, 85.2±17.3%, 15.7±17.3, 80.3±19.6% and 2.1±2.2. Nonunion was present in 1.3%, cut-out in 5.4% and implant failure in 1.3%. Avascular necrosis (AVN) was seen in 12.2%, in three cases >24 months after the initial trauma. In the presence of calcar comminution, the clinical outcome (CS abs, CS adap, SSV and several parameters of SF-36) was significantly impaired, the odds ratio for these patients to have an absolute CS<65 was 4.4 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.4-13.7).
CONCLUSIONS: The treatment of proximal humeral fractures with locking plate fixation achieves good clinical mid-term results. Calcar comminution is a relevant and easy-to-detect prognostic factor for the functional and subjective outcome in these fractures.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Trauma Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:October 2012
Deposited On:18 Sep 2012 09:32
Last Modified:08 Jan 2017 06:41
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0020-1383
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2012.04.015
PubMed ID:22579397

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