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CT based volume measurement and estimation in cases of pericardial effusion


Ebert, Lars C; Ampanozi, Garyfalia; Ruder, Thomas D; Hatch, Gary; Thali, Michael J; Germerott, Tanja (2012). CT based volume measurement and estimation in cases of pericardial effusion. Journal of Clinical Forensic and Legal Medicine, 19(3):126-131.

Abstract

The measurement of fluid volumes in cases of pericardial effusion is a necessary procedure during autopsy. With the increased use of virtual autopsy methods in forensics, the need for a quick volume measurement method on computed tomography (CT) data arises, especially since methods such as CT angiography can potentially alter the fluid content in the pericardium. We retrospectively selected 15 cases with hemopericardium, which underwent post-mortem imaging and autopsy. Based on CT data, the pericardial blood volume was estimated using segmentation techniques and downsampling of CT datasets. Additionally, a variety of measures (distances, areas and 3D approximations of the effusion) were examined to find a quick and easy way of estimating the effusion volume. Segmentation of CT images as shown in the present study is a feasible method to measure the pericardial fluid amount accurately. Downsampling of a dataset significantly increases the speed of segmentation without losing too much accuracy. Some of the other methods examined might be used to quickly estimate the severity of the effusion volumes.

Abstract

The measurement of fluid volumes in cases of pericardial effusion is a necessary procedure during autopsy. With the increased use of virtual autopsy methods in forensics, the need for a quick volume measurement method on computed tomography (CT) data arises, especially since methods such as CT angiography can potentially alter the fluid content in the pericardium. We retrospectively selected 15 cases with hemopericardium, which underwent post-mortem imaging and autopsy. Based on CT data, the pericardial blood volume was estimated using segmentation techniques and downsampling of CT datasets. Additionally, a variety of measures (distances, areas and 3D approximations of the effusion) were examined to find a quick and easy way of estimating the effusion volume. Segmentation of CT images as shown in the present study is a feasible method to measure the pericardial fluid amount accurately. Downsampling of a dataset significantly increases the speed of segmentation without losing too much accuracy. Some of the other methods examined might be used to quickly estimate the severity of the effusion volumes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Legal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:340 Law
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:20 Sep 2012 12:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:57
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1752-928X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2011.12.007
PubMed ID:22390997

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