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Posttraumatic stress in infants and preschoolers with cancer


Graf, Anna; Bergstraesser, Eva; Landolt, Markus A (2013). Posttraumatic stress in infants and preschoolers with cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 22(7):1543-1548.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study is the first to assess posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in young children with cancer and to examine individual, medical, and parent-relatedm determinants. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with cancer, ages 8-48 months, were assessed in an average of 15 months after their diagnosis, using mothers as informants to complete the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Semi-Structured Interview and Observational Record for Infants and Young Children. Additionally, mothers and the attending pediatric oncologist completed questionnaires on various determinants of child PTSD. RESULTS: Nine children (18.8%) met the age-appropriate criteria for full PTSD proposed by Scheeringa et al., and 20 children (41.7%) met criteria for partial PTSD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that higher child age at diagnosis (odds ratio = 1.11) and maternal PTSD severity (odds ratio = 1.14) increased the risk of full or partial PTSD in children. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence for a substantial prevalence of PTSD in young children with cancer and identifies important risk factors. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study is the first to assess posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in young children with cancer and to examine individual, medical, and parent-relatedm determinants. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with cancer, ages 8-48 months, were assessed in an average of 15 months after their diagnosis, using mothers as informants to complete the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Semi-Structured Interview and Observational Record for Infants and Young Children. Additionally, mothers and the attending pediatric oncologist completed questionnaires on various determinants of child PTSD. RESULTS: Nine children (18.8%) met the age-appropriate criteria for full PTSD proposed by Scheeringa et al., and 20 children (41.7%) met criteria for partial PTSD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that higher child age at diagnosis (odds ratio = 1.11) and maternal PTSD severity (odds ratio = 1.14) increased the risk of full or partial PTSD in children. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence for a substantial prevalence of PTSD in young children with cancer and identifies important risk factors. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:02 Oct 2012 12:17
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:58
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1057-9249
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.3164
PubMed ID:22911462

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