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Quality control of disulfide bond formation in pilus subunits by the chaperone FimC


Crespo, Maria D; Puorger, Chasper; Schärer, Martin A; Eidam, Oliv; Grütter, Markus G; Capitani, Guido; Glockshuber, Rudi (2012). Quality control of disulfide bond formation in pilus subunits by the chaperone FimC. Nature Chemical Biology, 8(8):707-713.

Abstract

Type 1 pili from uropathogenic Escherichia coli are filamentous, noncovalent protein complexes mediating bacterial adhesion to the host tissue. All structural pilus subunits are homologous proteins sharing an invariant disulfide bridge. Here we show that disulfide bond formation in the unfolded subunits, catalyzed by the periplasmic oxidoreductase DsbA, is required for subunit recognition by the assembly chaperone FimC and for FimC-catalyzed subunit folding. FimC thus guarantees quantitative disulfide bond formation in each of the up to 3,000 subunits of the pilus. The X-ray structure of the complex between FimC and the main pilus subunit FimA and the kinetics of FimC-catalyzed FimA folding indicate that FimC accelerates folding of pilus subunits by lowering their topological complexity. The kinetic data, together with the measured in vivo concentrations of DsbA and FimC, predict an in vivo half-life of 2 s for oxidative folding of FimA in the periplasm.

Abstract

Type 1 pili from uropathogenic Escherichia coli are filamentous, noncovalent protein complexes mediating bacterial adhesion to the host tissue. All structural pilus subunits are homologous proteins sharing an invariant disulfide bridge. Here we show that disulfide bond formation in the unfolded subunits, catalyzed by the periplasmic oxidoreductase DsbA, is required for subunit recognition by the assembly chaperone FimC and for FimC-catalyzed subunit folding. FimC thus guarantees quantitative disulfide bond formation in each of the up to 3,000 subunits of the pilus. The X-ray structure of the complex between FimC and the main pilus subunit FimA and the kinetics of FimC-catalyzed FimA folding indicate that FimC accelerates folding of pilus subunits by lowering their topological complexity. The kinetic data, together with the measured in vivo concentrations of DsbA and FimC, predict an in vivo half-life of 2 s for oxidative folding of FimA in the periplasm.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:09 Oct 2012 12:49
Last Modified:16 Feb 2018 23:54
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1552-4450
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/nchembio.1019
PubMed ID:22772153

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