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CtIP-dependent DNA resection is required for DNA damage checkpoint maintenance but not initiation


Kousholt, Arne Nedergaard; Fugger, Kasper; Hoffmann, Saskia; Larsen, Brian D; Menzel, Tobias; Sartori, Alessandro A; Sørensen, Claus Storgaard (2012). CtIP-dependent DNA resection is required for DNA damage checkpoint maintenance but not initiation. Journal of Cell Biology, 197(7):869-876.

Abstract

To prevent accumulation of mutations, cells respond to DNA lesions by blocking cell cycle progression and initiating DNA repair. Homology-directed repair of DNA breaks requires CtIP-dependent resection of the DNA ends, which is thought to play a key role in activation of ATR (ataxia telangiectasia mutated and Rad3 related) and CHK1 kinases to induce the cell cycle checkpoint. In this paper, we show that CHK1 was rapidly and robustly activated before detectable end resection. Moreover, we show that the key resection factor CtIP was dispensable for initial ATR-CHK1 activation after DNA damage by camptothecin and ionizing radiation. In contrast, we find that DNA end resection was critically required for sustained ATR-CHK1 checkpoint signaling and for maintaining both the intra-S- and G2-phase checkpoints. Consequently, resection-deficient cells entered mitosis with persistent DNA damage. In conclusion, we have uncovered a temporal program of checkpoint activation, where CtIP-dependent DNA end resection is required for sustained checkpoint signaling.

Abstract

To prevent accumulation of mutations, cells respond to DNA lesions by blocking cell cycle progression and initiating DNA repair. Homology-directed repair of DNA breaks requires CtIP-dependent resection of the DNA ends, which is thought to play a key role in activation of ATR (ataxia telangiectasia mutated and Rad3 related) and CHK1 kinases to induce the cell cycle checkpoint. In this paper, we show that CHK1 was rapidly and robustly activated before detectable end resection. Moreover, we show that the key resection factor CtIP was dispensable for initial ATR-CHK1 activation after DNA damage by camptothecin and ionizing radiation. In contrast, we find that DNA end resection was critically required for sustained ATR-CHK1 checkpoint signaling and for maintaining both the intra-S- and G2-phase checkpoints. Consequently, resection-deficient cells entered mitosis with persistent DNA damage. In conclusion, we have uncovered a temporal program of checkpoint activation, where CtIP-dependent DNA end resection is required for sustained checkpoint signaling.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:11 Oct 2012 07:45
Last Modified:07 Aug 2017 08:34
Publisher:Rockefeller University Press
ISSN:0021-9525
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201111065
PubMed ID:22733999

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