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Ferrocenyl Derivatives of the Anthelmintic Praziquantel: Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation


Patra, Malay; Ingram, Katrin; Pierroz, Vanessa; Ferrari, Stefano; Spingler, Bernhard; Keiser, Jennifer; Gasser, Gilles (2012). Ferrocenyl Derivatives of the Anthelmintic Praziquantel: Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 55(20):8790-8798.

Abstract

The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of 18 ferrocenyl derivatives (4A-12A and 4B-12B) of the most well-known drug against schistosomiasis, namely praziquantel (PZQ), are reported. These compounds, which have been all isolated as racemates, were unambiguously characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis as well as by X-ray crystallography for 4A, 5A, and 7A. Cytotoxicity studies revealed that the complexes were moderately toxic toward a cervical cancer cell line (HeLa) and, importantly, significantly less active toward a noncancerous cell line (MRC-5). The in vitro anthelmintic activity of the 18 ferrocenyl PZQ derivatives was tested against adult Schistosoma mansoni, and values in the micromolar range (26-68 μM) were determined for the four most active compounds. It was also demonstrated using two compounds of the series as models (8A and 8B) that the complexes were stable when incubated for 24 h at 37 °C in human plasma.

Abstract

The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of 18 ferrocenyl derivatives (4A-12A and 4B-12B) of the most well-known drug against schistosomiasis, namely praziquantel (PZQ), are reported. These compounds, which have been all isolated as racemates, were unambiguously characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis as well as by X-ray crystallography for 4A, 5A, and 7A. Cytotoxicity studies revealed that the complexes were moderately toxic toward a cervical cancer cell line (HeLa) and, importantly, significantly less active toward a noncancerous cell line (MRC-5). The in vitro anthelmintic activity of the 18 ferrocenyl PZQ derivatives was tested against adult Schistosoma mansoni, and values in the micromolar range (26-68 μM) were determined for the four most active compounds. It was also demonstrated using two compounds of the series as models (8A and 8B) that the complexes were stable when incubated for 24 h at 37 °C in human plasma.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research

07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:18 Oct 2012 06:57
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:59
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0022-2623
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/jm301077m
PubMed ID:23005702

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