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The Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase Receptor Type J is regulated by the pVHL-HIF axis in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma


Casagrande, Silvia; Ruf, Melanie; Rechsteiner, Markus; Morra, Laura; Brun-Schmid, Sonja; von Teichman, Adriana; Krek, Wilhelm; Schraml, Peter; Moch, Holger (2013). The Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase Receptor Type J is regulated by the pVHL-HIF axis in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma. Journal of Pathology, 229(4):525-534.

Abstract

Mass spectrometry analysis of renal cancer cell lines recently suggested that the Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase Receptor Type J (PTPRJ), an important regulator of tyrosine kinase receptors, is tightly linked to the von-Hippel Lindau protein (pVHL). Therefore, we aimed to characterize the biological relevance of PTPRJ for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). In pVHL negative ccRCC cell lines both RNA and protein expression levels of PTPRJ were lower than those in the corresponding pVHL reconstituted cells. Quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis of ccRCC with known VHL mutation status and normal matched tissues as well as RNA in situ hybridization on a Tissue Microarray (TMA) confirmed a decrease of PTPRJ expression in more than 80 % of ccRCCs, but in only 12 % of papillary RCCs. ccRCC patients with no or reduced PTPRJ mRNA expression had a less favourable outcome than those with a normal expression status (p = 0.05). Sequence analysis of 32 PTPRJ mRNA negative ccRCC samples showed five known polymorphisms, but no mutations implying other mechanisms leading to PTPRJ's down-regulation. Selective silencing of HIF-α by siRNA and reporter gene assays demonstrated that pVHL inactivation reduces PTPRJ expression through a HIF-dependent mechanism, which is mainly driven by HIF-2α stabilization. Our results suggest PTPRJ as a member of a pVHL controlled pathway whose suppression by HIF is critical for ccRCC development. Copyright © 2012 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Abstract

Mass spectrometry analysis of renal cancer cell lines recently suggested that the Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase Receptor Type J (PTPRJ), an important regulator of tyrosine kinase receptors, is tightly linked to the von-Hippel Lindau protein (pVHL). Therefore, we aimed to characterize the biological relevance of PTPRJ for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). In pVHL negative ccRCC cell lines both RNA and protein expression levels of PTPRJ were lower than those in the corresponding pVHL reconstituted cells. Quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis of ccRCC with known VHL mutation status and normal matched tissues as well as RNA in situ hybridization on a Tissue Microarray (TMA) confirmed a decrease of PTPRJ expression in more than 80 % of ccRCCs, but in only 12 % of papillary RCCs. ccRCC patients with no or reduced PTPRJ mRNA expression had a less favourable outcome than those with a normal expression status (p = 0.05). Sequence analysis of 32 PTPRJ mRNA negative ccRCC samples showed five known polymorphisms, but no mutations implying other mechanisms leading to PTPRJ's down-regulation. Selective silencing of HIF-α by siRNA and reporter gene assays demonstrated that pVHL inactivation reduces PTPRJ expression through a HIF-dependent mechanism, which is mainly driven by HIF-2α stabilization. Our results suggest PTPRJ as a member of a pVHL controlled pathway whose suppression by HIF is critical for ccRCC development. Copyright © 2012 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:18 Oct 2012 08:50
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:00
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0022-3417
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.onlinelibrary.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/path.4107
PubMed ID:23007793

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