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Filaments assembly of ectopically expressed Caenorhabditis elegans lamin within Xenopus oocytes


Grossman, Einat; Dahan, Idit; Stick, Reimer; Goldberg, Martin W; Gruenbaum, Yosef; Medalia, Ohad (2012). Filaments assembly of ectopically expressed Caenorhabditis elegans lamin within Xenopus oocytes. Journal of Structural Biology, 177(1):113-118.

Abstract

Lamins are the major components of the nuclear lamina, a filamentous layer underlying the inner nuclear membrane and attached to the peripheral chromatin. Lamins are required for maintaining nuclear shape and are involved in most nuclear activities. Here, we studied the 3D organization of the nuclear lamina formed upon the expression of Caenorhabditis elegans lamin (Ce-lamin) within the nucleus of a Xenopus laevis oocyte. We show that Ce-lamin forms an intricate 3D meshwork of 5-6 nm lamin protofilaments. The diverse protofilament interactions and organization may shed light upon the unique mechano-elastic properties of the nuclear lamina scaffold supporting the nuclear envelope. The Q159K Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome-linked mutation alters interactions between protofilaments within the lamina, leading to the formation of more bundled arrays of less isotropically-oriented protofilaments. Using this system, we show for the first time the organization of lamin proteins that were translated and assembled within the environment of a living cell.

Abstract

Lamins are the major components of the nuclear lamina, a filamentous layer underlying the inner nuclear membrane and attached to the peripheral chromatin. Lamins are required for maintaining nuclear shape and are involved in most nuclear activities. Here, we studied the 3D organization of the nuclear lamina formed upon the expression of Caenorhabditis elegans lamin (Ce-lamin) within the nucleus of a Xenopus laevis oocyte. We show that Ce-lamin forms an intricate 3D meshwork of 5-6 nm lamin protofilaments. The diverse protofilament interactions and organization may shed light upon the unique mechano-elastic properties of the nuclear lamina scaffold supporting the nuclear envelope. The Q159K Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome-linked mutation alters interactions between protofilaments within the lamina, leading to the formation of more bundled arrays of less isotropically-oriented protofilaments. Using this system, we show for the first time the organization of lamin proteins that were translated and assembled within the environment of a living cell.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:30 Oct 2012 16:39
Last Modified:16 Feb 2018 23:59
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1047-8477
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2011.11.002
PubMed ID:22085746

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