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Impact of changing definitions for myocardial infarction: a report from the AMIS registry


Urban, P; Radovanovic, D; Erne, P; Stauffer, J C; Pedrazzini, G; Windecker, S; Bertel, O (2008). Impact of changing definitions for myocardial infarction: a report from the AMIS registry. American Journal of Medicine, 121(12):1065-1071.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of the new definitions of myocardial infarction, we retrospectively analyzed 9190 patients from 63 hospitals with reported peak troponin values included between 2001 and 2007 in the Swiss AMIS (Acute Myocardial Infarction in Switzerland) Plus registry.
METHODS: Patients were classified as belonging to the "classic" myocardial infarction group (peak total CK or CK-MB above the upper limit of normal, or troponin T [TnT] >0.1 microg/L or troponin I [TnI] >0.1-0.8 microg/L [depending on the assay]) or "new" myocardial infarction group (TnT >0.01 microg/L or TnI >0.01-0.07 microg/L).
RESULTS: There were 489 patients in the "new" group who were similar to the 8701 "classic" patients in terms of age, sex, and prevalence of both diabetes and renal failure, but more frequently had a history of prior coronary artery disease, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. At admission, they less frequently had ST elevation on their electrocardiogram, were more frequently in Killip class I, and received less primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Hospital mortality was 3.5% in the "new" and 6.7% in the "classic" myocardial infarction group (P=.004). In a subset of patients with a longer follow-up, mortality at 3 and 12 months was 1% and 5.6%, respectively, for "new" and 1.6% and 4%, respectively, for "classic" myocardial infarction (NS).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with minimal elevation of serum troponin have smaller infarctions, less aggressive treatment, fewer early complications, and a better early prognosis than patients with higher serum biomarker levels. After discharge, however, their prognosis currently appears no different from that of patients with a "classic" myocardial infarction event.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of the new definitions of myocardial infarction, we retrospectively analyzed 9190 patients from 63 hospitals with reported peak troponin values included between 2001 and 2007 in the Swiss AMIS (Acute Myocardial Infarction in Switzerland) Plus registry.
METHODS: Patients were classified as belonging to the "classic" myocardial infarction group (peak total CK or CK-MB above the upper limit of normal, or troponin T [TnT] >0.1 microg/L or troponin I [TnI] >0.1-0.8 microg/L [depending on the assay]) or "new" myocardial infarction group (TnT >0.01 microg/L or TnI >0.01-0.07 microg/L).
RESULTS: There were 489 patients in the "new" group who were similar to the 8701 "classic" patients in terms of age, sex, and prevalence of both diabetes and renal failure, but more frequently had a history of prior coronary artery disease, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. At admission, they less frequently had ST elevation on their electrocardiogram, were more frequently in Killip class I, and received less primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Hospital mortality was 3.5% in the "new" and 6.7% in the "classic" myocardial infarction group (P=.004). In a subset of patients with a longer follow-up, mortality at 3 and 12 months was 1% and 5.6%, respectively, for "new" and 1.6% and 4%, respectively, for "classic" myocardial infarction (NS).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with minimal elevation of serum troponin have smaller infarctions, less aggressive treatment, fewer early complications, and a better early prognosis than patients with higher serum biomarker levels. After discharge, however, their prognosis currently appears no different from that of patients with a "classic" myocardial infarction event.

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Additional indexing

Contributors:AMIS Plus Investigators
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:09 Dec 2008 16:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:37
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-9343
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2008.08.020
PubMed ID:19028202

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