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Surgery for primary CNS lymphoma? Challenging a paradigm


Weller, M; Martus, P; Roth, P; Thiel, E; Korfel, A (2012). Surgery for primary CNS lymphoma? Challenging a paradigm. Neuro-Oncology, 14(12):1481-1484.

Abstract

The standard of care for primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is systemic chemotherapy with or without whole brain radiotherapy or intrathecal chemotherapy. In contrast to treatment for other brain tumors, efforts at resection are discouraged. This is a secondary analysis of the German PCNSL Study Group-1 trial, a large randomized phase III study comprising 526 patients with PCNSL. Progression-free survival (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.39; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.10-1.74; P = .005) and overall survival (HR: 1.33; 95% CI: 1.04-1.70; P = .024) were significantly shorter in biopsied patients compared with patients with subtotal or gross total resections. This difference in outcome was not due to age or Karnofsky performance status (KPS). When controlled for the number of lesions, the HR of biopsy versus subtotal or gross total resection remained unchanged for progression-free survival (HR = 1.37; P = .009) but was smaller for overall survival (HR = 1.27; P = .085). This analysis of the largest PCNSL trial ever performed challenges the traditional view that the extent of resection has no prognostic impact on this disease. Therefore, we propose to reconsider the statement that efforts at resection should be discouraged, at least if resection seems safe, as is often the case in treatment of single PCNSL lesions.

Abstract

The standard of care for primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is systemic chemotherapy with or without whole brain radiotherapy or intrathecal chemotherapy. In contrast to treatment for other brain tumors, efforts at resection are discouraged. This is a secondary analysis of the German PCNSL Study Group-1 trial, a large randomized phase III study comprising 526 patients with PCNSL. Progression-free survival (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.39; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.10-1.74; P = .005) and overall survival (HR: 1.33; 95% CI: 1.04-1.70; P = .024) were significantly shorter in biopsied patients compared with patients with subtotal or gross total resections. This difference in outcome was not due to age or Karnofsky performance status (KPS). When controlled for the number of lesions, the HR of biopsy versus subtotal or gross total resection remained unchanged for progression-free survival (HR = 1.37; P = .009) but was smaller for overall survival (HR = 1.27; P = .085). This analysis of the largest PCNSL trial ever performed challenges the traditional view that the extent of resection has no prognostic impact on this disease. Therefore, we propose to reconsider the statement that efforts at resection should be discouraged, at least if resection seems safe, as is often the case in treatment of single PCNSL lesions.

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Additional indexing

Contributors:German PCNSL Study Group
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 10:25
Last Modified:07 Aug 2017 03:01
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1522-8517
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/nos159
PubMed ID:22984018

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