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A temperament approach to humor


Ruch, Willibald; Hofmann, Jennifer (2012). A temperament approach to humor. In: Gremigni, Paola. Humor and health promotion. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 79-112.

Abstract

Due to the shortcomings in understanding humor, a state-trait model of cheerfulness, seriousness and bad mood was introduced to describe the temperamental basis of the sense of humor [1-4]. This chapter sketches the development and characteristics of the postulated state-trait model and presents its relationship to different models of the sense of humor. Literature will be reviewed that shows that trait cheerfulness accounts for most variation in existing self-report assessment tools of the sense of humor. Further, the relation of trait cheerfulness to health and well-being related variables (e.g., flourishing [5]; coping [6] and life satisfaction, [7]) will be discussed. Attention is given to experimental and correlational evidence, which shows that trait cheerfulness is positively related to adaptive coping mechanisms, positive experience and well-being. This is particularly interesting for cheerfulness interventions to fostering well-being and overcoming adversities. Finally, implications for the study of positive traits and respective interventions will be discussed.

Abstract

Due to the shortcomings in understanding humor, a state-trait model of cheerfulness, seriousness and bad mood was introduced to describe the temperamental basis of the sense of humor [1-4]. This chapter sketches the development and characteristics of the postulated state-trait model and presents its relationship to different models of the sense of humor. Literature will be reviewed that shows that trait cheerfulness accounts for most variation in existing self-report assessment tools of the sense of humor. Further, the relation of trait cheerfulness to health and well-being related variables (e.g., flourishing [5]; coping [6] and life satisfaction, [7]) will be discussed. Attention is given to experimental and correlational evidence, which shows that trait cheerfulness is positively related to adaptive coping mechanisms, positive experience and well-being. This is particularly interesting for cheerfulness interventions to fostering well-being and overcoming adversities. Finally, implications for the study of positive traits and respective interventions will be discussed.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Chapter 5
Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:09 Nov 2012 15:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:04
Publisher:Nova Science Publishers
Number of Pages:289
ISBN:978-1-61942-657-3

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