Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Functional redundancy of mitochondrial enoyl-CoA isomerases in the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids


van Weeghel, Michel; Te Brinke, Heleen; van Lenthe, Henk; Kulik, Wim; Minkler, Paul E; Stoll, Maria S K; Sass, Jörn Oliver; Janssen, Uwe; Stoffel, Wilhelm; Schwab, K Otfried; Wanders, Ronald J A; Hoppel, Charles L; Houten, Sander M (2012). Functional redundancy of mitochondrial enoyl-CoA isomerases in the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids. FASEB Journal, 26(10):4316-4326.

Abstract

Mitochondrial enoyl-CoA isomerase (ECI1) is an auxiliary enzyme involved in unsaturated fatty acid oxidation. In contrast to most of the other enzymes involved in fatty acid oxidation, a deficiency of ECI1 has yet to be identified in humans. We used wild-type (WT) and Eci1-deficient knockout (KO) mice to explore a potential presentation of human ECI1 deficiency. Upon food withdrawal, Eci1-deficient mice displayed normal blood β-hydroxybutyrate levels (WT 1.09 mM vs. KO 1.10 mM), a trend to lower blood glucose levels (WT 4.58 mM vs. KO 3.87 mM, P=0.09) and elevated blood levels of unsaturated acylcarnitines, in particular C12:1 acylcarnitine (WT 0.03 μM vs. KO 0.09 μM, P<0.01). Feeding an olive oil-rich diet induced an even greater increase in C12:1 acylcarnitine levels (WT 0.01 μM vs. KO 0.04 μM, P<0.01). Overall, the phenotypic presentation of Eci1-deficient mice is mild, possibly caused by the presence of a second enoyl-CoA isomerase (Eci2) in mitochondria. Knockdown of Eci2 in Eci1-deficient fibroblasts caused a more pronounced accumulation of C12:1 acylcarnitine on incubation with unsaturated fatty acids (12-fold, P<0.05). We conclude that Eci2 compensates for Eci1 deficiency explaining the mild phenotype of Eci1-deficient mice. Hypoglycemia and accumulation of C12:1 acylcarnitine might be diagnostic markers to identify ECI1 deficiency in humans.-van Weeghel, M., te Brinke, H., van Lenthe, H., Kulik, W., Minkler, P. E., Stoll, M. S. K., Sass, J. O., Janssen, U., Stoffel, W., Schwab, O. K., Wanders, R. J. A., Hoppel, C. L., Houten, S. M. Functional redundancy of mitochondrial enoyl-CoA isomerases in the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids.

Abstract

Mitochondrial enoyl-CoA isomerase (ECI1) is an auxiliary enzyme involved in unsaturated fatty acid oxidation. In contrast to most of the other enzymes involved in fatty acid oxidation, a deficiency of ECI1 has yet to be identified in humans. We used wild-type (WT) and Eci1-deficient knockout (KO) mice to explore a potential presentation of human ECI1 deficiency. Upon food withdrawal, Eci1-deficient mice displayed normal blood β-hydroxybutyrate levels (WT 1.09 mM vs. KO 1.10 mM), a trend to lower blood glucose levels (WT 4.58 mM vs. KO 3.87 mM, P=0.09) and elevated blood levels of unsaturated acylcarnitines, in particular C12:1 acylcarnitine (WT 0.03 μM vs. KO 0.09 μM, P<0.01). Feeding an olive oil-rich diet induced an even greater increase in C12:1 acylcarnitine levels (WT 0.01 μM vs. KO 0.04 μM, P<0.01). Overall, the phenotypic presentation of Eci1-deficient mice is mild, possibly caused by the presence of a second enoyl-CoA isomerase (Eci2) in mitochondria. Knockdown of Eci2 in Eci1-deficient fibroblasts caused a more pronounced accumulation of C12:1 acylcarnitine on incubation with unsaturated fatty acids (12-fold, P<0.05). We conclude that Eci2 compensates for Eci1 deficiency explaining the mild phenotype of Eci1-deficient mice. Hypoglycemia and accumulation of C12:1 acylcarnitine might be diagnostic markers to identify ECI1 deficiency in humans.-van Weeghel, M., te Brinke, H., van Lenthe, H., Kulik, W., Minkler, P. E., Stoll, M. S. K., Sass, J. O., Janssen, U., Stoffel, W., Schwab, O. K., Wanders, R. J. A., Hoppel, C. L., Houten, S. M. Functional redundancy of mitochondrial enoyl-CoA isomerases in the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids.

Statistics

Citations

16 citations in Web of Science®
18 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 16 Nov 2012
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:16 Nov 2012 14:58
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 16:21
Publisher:Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
ISSN:0892-6638
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.12-206326
PubMed ID:22782973

Download