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Four weeks of normobaric "live high-train low" do not alter muscular or systemic capacity for maintaining pH and K⁺ homeostasis during intense exercise


Nordsborg, N B; Siebenmann, C; Jacobs, R A; Rasmussen, P; Diaz, V; Robach, P; Lundby, C (2012). Four weeks of normobaric "live high-train low" do not alter muscular or systemic capacity for maintaining pH and K⁺ homeostasis during intense exercise. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 112(12):2027-2036.

Abstract

It was investigated if athletes subjected to 4 wk of living in normobaric hypoxia (3,000 m; 16 h/day) while training at 800-1,300 m ["live high-train low" (LHTL)] increase muscular and systemic capacity for maintaining pH and K(+) homeostasis as well as intense exercise performance. The design was double-blind and placebo controlled. Mean power during 30-s all-out cycling was similar before and immediately after LHTL (650 ± 31 vs. 628 ± 32 W; n = 10) and placebo exposure (658 ± 22 vs. 660 ± 23 W; n = 6). Supporting the performance data, arterial plasma pH, lactate, and K(+) during submaximal and maximal exercise were also unaffected by the intervention in both groups. In addition, muscle buffer capacity (in mmol H(+)·kg dry wt(-1)·pH(-1)) was similar before and after in both the LHTL (140 ± 12 vs. 140 ± 16) and placebo group (145 ± 2 vs. 140 ± 3). The expression of sarcolemmal H(+) transporters (Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1, monocarboxylate transporters 1 and 4), as well as expression of Na(+)-K(+) pump subunits-α(1), -α(2), and -β(1) was also similar before and after the intervention. In conclusion, muscular and systemic capacity for maintaining pH and K(+) balance during exercise is similar before and after 4 wk of placebo-controlled normobaric LHTL. In accordance, 30-s all-out sprint ability was similar before and after LHTL.

Abstract

It was investigated if athletes subjected to 4 wk of living in normobaric hypoxia (3,000 m; 16 h/day) while training at 800-1,300 m ["live high-train low" (LHTL)] increase muscular and systemic capacity for maintaining pH and K(+) homeostasis as well as intense exercise performance. The design was double-blind and placebo controlled. Mean power during 30-s all-out cycling was similar before and immediately after LHTL (650 ± 31 vs. 628 ± 32 W; n = 10) and placebo exposure (658 ± 22 vs. 660 ± 23 W; n = 6). Supporting the performance data, arterial plasma pH, lactate, and K(+) during submaximal and maximal exercise were also unaffected by the intervention in both groups. In addition, muscle buffer capacity (in mmol H(+)·kg dry wt(-1)·pH(-1)) was similar before and after in both the LHTL (140 ± 12 vs. 140 ± 16) and placebo group (145 ± 2 vs. 140 ± 3). The expression of sarcolemmal H(+) transporters (Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1, monocarboxylate transporters 1 and 4), as well as expression of Na(+)-K(+) pump subunits-α(1), -α(2), and -β(1) was also similar before and after the intervention. In conclusion, muscular and systemic capacity for maintaining pH and K(+) balance during exercise is similar before and after 4 wk of placebo-controlled normobaric LHTL. In accordance, 30-s all-out sprint ability was similar before and after LHTL.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:19 Nov 2012 15:37
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:06
Publisher:American Physiological Society
Series Name:Journal of Applied Physiology
ISSN:0161-7567
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01353.2011
PubMed ID:22461443

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