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Optic neuritis interferes with optical coherence tomography and magnetic resonance imaging correlations


Zimmermann, H; Freing, A; Kaufhold, F; Gaede, G; Bohn, E; Bock, M; Oberwahrenbrock, T; Young, K L; Dörrie, J; Wuerfel, J T; Schippling, S; Paul, F; Brandt, A U (2013). Optic neuritis interferes with optical coherence tomography and magnetic resonance imaging correlations. Multiple sclerosis (Houndmills, Basingstoke, England), 19(4):443-450.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thinning is associated with brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis (MS). An influence of optic neuritis is well documented but sparsely investigated. Recently, the retinal ganglion cell layer (GCL) has been shown to provide superior information regarding visual function and retinal neurodegeneration as compared with RNFL. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of white and grey matter brain volume with peripapillary RNFL and macular GCL in MS patients with and without a history of optic neuritis. METHODS: 63 patients with relapsing-remitting MS were included in a two-centre cross-sectional prospective study. All patients underwent retinal examination with spectral domain optical coherence tomography and 1.5 T MRI for determination of normalized brain volume (NBV), white matter volume (NWMV) and grey matter volume (NGMV). RESULTS: Both RNFL and GCL were associated with NBV, NWMV and NGMV in eyes without previous optic neuritis. This association is disrupted in the case of NGMV following optic neuritis. CONCLUSIONS: Both RNFL and GCL as parameters of neuro-axonal damage are comparably linked to whole brain as well as white and grey matter atrophy. An event of optic neuritis interferes with this relation, adding further damage to the optic nerve and disrupting especially an association with grey matter.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thinning is associated with brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis (MS). An influence of optic neuritis is well documented but sparsely investigated. Recently, the retinal ganglion cell layer (GCL) has been shown to provide superior information regarding visual function and retinal neurodegeneration as compared with RNFL. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of white and grey matter brain volume with peripapillary RNFL and macular GCL in MS patients with and without a history of optic neuritis. METHODS: 63 patients with relapsing-remitting MS were included in a two-centre cross-sectional prospective study. All patients underwent retinal examination with spectral domain optical coherence tomography and 1.5 T MRI for determination of normalized brain volume (NBV), white matter volume (NWMV) and grey matter volume (NGMV). RESULTS: Both RNFL and GCL were associated with NBV, NWMV and NGMV in eyes without previous optic neuritis. This association is disrupted in the case of NGMV following optic neuritis. CONCLUSIONS: Both RNFL and GCL as parameters of neuro-axonal damage are comparably linked to whole brain as well as white and grey matter atrophy. An event of optic neuritis interferes with this relation, adding further damage to the optic nerve and disrupting especially an association with grey matter.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:23 Nov 2012 14:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:06
Publisher:SAGE Publications
Series Name:Multiple Sclerosis
ISSN:1352-4585
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/1352458512457844
PubMed ID:22936335

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