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Clinical study of the internal gaps of zirconia and metal frameworks for fixed partial dentures


Wettstein, Fabian; Sailer, Irena; Roos, Malgorzata; Hämmerle, Christoph H F (2008). Clinical study of the internal gaps of zirconia and metal frameworks for fixed partial dentures. European Journal of Oral Sciences, 116(3):272-279.

Abstract

The aim of this clinical study was to compare the internal gaps between abutment teeth and posterior fixed partial dentures (FPDs) fabricated utilizing milled zirconia and cast gold-alloy frameworks. As part of an ongoing randomized controlled clinical trial, 32 three-unit FPDs (16 zirconia and 16 metal-ceramic) in 25 patients were randomly selected for adaptation measurements. During the bisque-stage ceramic try-in, an A-silicone impression material was placed between the abutment teeth and the framework. The internal gap, corresponding to the thickness of the replica, was measured under magnification at the following locations: cervical, axial, and occlusal (cusp-tips and central). The internal gaps of FPDs with zirconia frameworks were significantly larger in cervical, axial, and centro-occlusal regions (cervical: 189.6 +/- 71.8 mum vs. 118.6 +/- 31.5 mum; axial: 140.5 +/- 38.3 mum vs. 95.7 +/- 18.1 mum; and centro-occlusal: 192.0 +/- 66.5 mum vs. 153.1 +/- 69.8 mum). The cervical gaps next to the pontics were significantly larger compared with those of the outer walls in both types of FPDs (zirconia: mean difference 67.7 +/- 114.7 mum; metal-ceramic: mean difference 30.0 +/- 71.2 mum). Posterior three-unit FPDs incorporating milled zirconia frameworks exhibited larger internal gaps than those constructed using conventional metal-ceramic techniques.

Abstract

The aim of this clinical study was to compare the internal gaps between abutment teeth and posterior fixed partial dentures (FPDs) fabricated utilizing milled zirconia and cast gold-alloy frameworks. As part of an ongoing randomized controlled clinical trial, 32 three-unit FPDs (16 zirconia and 16 metal-ceramic) in 25 patients were randomly selected for adaptation measurements. During the bisque-stage ceramic try-in, an A-silicone impression material was placed between the abutment teeth and the framework. The internal gap, corresponding to the thickness of the replica, was measured under magnification at the following locations: cervical, axial, and occlusal (cusp-tips and central). The internal gaps of FPDs with zirconia frameworks were significantly larger in cervical, axial, and centro-occlusal regions (cervical: 189.6 +/- 71.8 mum vs. 118.6 +/- 31.5 mum; axial: 140.5 +/- 38.3 mum vs. 95.7 +/- 18.1 mum; and centro-occlusal: 192.0 +/- 66.5 mum vs. 153.1 +/- 69.8 mum). The cervical gaps next to the pontics were significantly larger compared with those of the outer walls in both types of FPDs (zirconia: mean difference 67.7 +/- 114.7 mum; metal-ceramic: mean difference 30.0 +/- 71.2 mum). Posterior three-unit FPDs incorporating milled zirconia frameworks exhibited larger internal gaps than those constructed using conventional metal-ceramic techniques.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:09 Dec 2008 16:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:38
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0909-8836
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0722.2008.00527.x
PubMed ID:18471247

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