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The en- and decoding of schadenfreude laughter. Sheer joy expressed by a Duchenne laugh or emotional blend with a distinct morphological expression?


Hofmann, Jennifer; Ruch, Willibald; Platt, Tracey (2012). The en- and decoding of schadenfreude laughter. Sheer joy expressed by a Duchenne laugh or emotional blend with a distinct morphological expression? In: Third Interdisciplinary Workshop on Laughter and other Non-Verbal Vocalisations in Speech, Dublin, 26 October 2012 - 27 October 2012, 8-9.

Abstract

This study investigates the facial features of schadenfreude laughter in historic illustrations by applying the Facial Action Coding System and assesses the decoding by naïve subjects. Results show that while the encoding of schadenfreude laughter is heterogeneous, schadenfreude is decoded when the facial expression unites markers of joy (Duchenne Display, consisting of the orbicularis oculi pars orbitalis muscle and the zygomatic major muscle), as well as markers of negative emotions (e.g., brow lowering), or in one case, where the initially categorized schadenfreude illustration contained markers distorting the expression of joy (e.g., frowning and the lowering of lip corners). These findings support the hypothesis that schadenfreude may be expressed by a morphologically distinct blend of a positive and a negative emotion, or is expressed by joyful laughter (with the expression being modulated due to social desirability).

Abstract

This study investigates the facial features of schadenfreude laughter in historic illustrations by applying the Facial Action Coding System and assesses the decoding by naïve subjects. Results show that while the encoding of schadenfreude laughter is heterogeneous, schadenfreude is decoded when the facial expression unites markers of joy (Duchenne Display, consisting of the orbicularis oculi pars orbitalis muscle and the zygomatic major muscle), as well as markers of negative emotions (e.g., brow lowering), or in one case, where the initially categorized schadenfreude illustration contained markers distorting the expression of joy (e.g., frowning and the lowering of lip corners). These findings support the hypothesis that schadenfreude may be expressed by a morphologically distinct blend of a positive and a negative emotion, or is expressed by joyful laughter (with the expression being modulated due to social desirability).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper), refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Event End Date:27 October 2012
Deposited On:27 Nov 2012 14:33
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:07
Publisher:FastNet
Series Name:Interdisciplinary Workshop on Laughter and other Non-Verbal Vocalisations in Speech

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