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Management of dilutional coagulopathy during pediatric major surgery


Haas, Thorsten; Mauch, Jacqueline; Weiss, Markus; Schmugge, Markus (2012). Management of dilutional coagulopathy during pediatric major surgery. Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy, 39(2):114-119.

Abstract

Perioperative dilutional coagulopathy is a major coagulation disorder during adult and pediatric surgery. Although the main underlying mechanisms are comparable, data of the development and management of dilutional coagulopathy in children are scarce. Observational data showed that intraoperative coagulation disorders mainly based on complex disturbances of clot firmness including acquired fibrinogen as well as factor XIII deficiencies, while clotting time and platelet counts remained fairly stable. A fast and reliable monitoring of the entire coagulation process (e.g. thrombelastometry) might be of extreme value for detection and guidance of effective coagulation management. Although the transfusion of fresh frozen plasma was recommended in several guidelines, the use of coagulation factors might offer an alternative and potentially superior approach in managing perioperative coagulation disorders. Further studies are urgently needed to determine the efficacy of modern coagulation management.

Abstract

Perioperative dilutional coagulopathy is a major coagulation disorder during adult and pediatric surgery. Although the main underlying mechanisms are comparable, data of the development and management of dilutional coagulopathy in children are scarce. Observational data showed that intraoperative coagulation disorders mainly based on complex disturbances of clot firmness including acquired fibrinogen as well as factor XIII deficiencies, while clotting time and platelet counts remained fairly stable. A fast and reliable monitoring of the entire coagulation process (e.g. thrombelastometry) might be of extreme value for detection and guidance of effective coagulation management. Although the transfusion of fresh frozen plasma was recommended in several guidelines, the use of coagulation factors might offer an alternative and potentially superior approach in managing perioperative coagulation disorders. Further studies are urgently needed to determine the efficacy of modern coagulation management.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:04 Dec 2012 15:49
Last Modified:05 Aug 2017 22:47
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1660-3796
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000337245
PubMed ID:22670129

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