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Intraneuronal immunoreactivity for the prion protein distinguishes a subset of E200K genetic from sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease


Kovacs, Gabor G; Molnár, Kinga; Keller, Eva; Botond, Gergő; Budka, Herbert; László, Lajos (2012). Intraneuronal immunoreactivity for the prion protein distinguishes a subset of E200K genetic from sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 71(3):223-232.

Abstract

Recently, we reported widespread intraneuronal prion protein (PrP) immunoreactivity in genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) associated with the E200K mutation. Here, we evaluated 6 cases ofsporadic CJD MM type 1, 5 MV type 2, and 7 VV type 2 and compared their anatomical appearance with that of 29 E200K genetic CJD (gCJD) cases. We also performed double immunolabeling for ubiquitin, p62, early endosomal marker rab5, and immunogold electronmicroscopy in 3 cases. We identified 4 morphological types of intraneuronal PrP immunoreactivity: one type, defined as multiple globular structures, was significantly associated with a subset of E200K gCJD cases and was distinct from the intraneuronal small dotlike PrP immunoreactivity seen in sporadic CJD. Whereas the latter colocalized with rab5, there were single large (7.5 μm-15 μm) globular inclusion body-like structures detected predominantly but not exclusively in E200K gCJD; these were immunoreactive in part for ubiquitin and p62 and showed focal γ-tubulin immunoreactivity, suggesting aggresome features. Ultrastructural examination using immunogold revealed PrP localization in aggresome-like structures and in autophagic vacuoles. These findings suggest that the permanent production of mutant PrP in the E200K gCJD cases overwhelms the ubiquitin-proteasome system and shifts the balance toward selectivemacroautophagy and/or to ubiquitinated inclusion body and aggresome formation as a cytoprotective effort to sequester the mutant protein.

Abstract

Recently, we reported widespread intraneuronal prion protein (PrP) immunoreactivity in genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) associated with the E200K mutation. Here, we evaluated 6 cases ofsporadic CJD MM type 1, 5 MV type 2, and 7 VV type 2 and compared their anatomical appearance with that of 29 E200K genetic CJD (gCJD) cases. We also performed double immunolabeling for ubiquitin, p62, early endosomal marker rab5, and immunogold electronmicroscopy in 3 cases. We identified 4 morphological types of intraneuronal PrP immunoreactivity: one type, defined as multiple globular structures, was significantly associated with a subset of E200K gCJD cases and was distinct from the intraneuronal small dotlike PrP immunoreactivity seen in sporadic CJD. Whereas the latter colocalized with rab5, there were single large (7.5 μm-15 μm) globular inclusion body-like structures detected predominantly but not exclusively in E200K gCJD; these were immunoreactive in part for ubiquitin and p62 and showed focal γ-tubulin immunoreactivity, suggesting aggresome features. Ultrastructural examination using immunogold revealed PrP localization in aggresome-like structures and in autophagic vacuoles. These findings suggest that the permanent production of mutant PrP in the E200K gCJD cases overwhelms the ubiquitin-proteasome system and shifts the balance toward selectivemacroautophagy and/or to ubiquitinated inclusion body and aggresome formation as a cytoprotective effort to sequester the mutant protein.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:14 Dec 2012 10:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:11
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0022-3069
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/NEN.0b013e318248aa70
PubMed ID:22318125

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