The abnormal misfolded isoform of prion protein (PrPd; "d" for disease) is considered as a surrogate marker for infectivity in the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) or prion diseases, including Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). In this experiment, we used intraocular inoculation to study PrPd deposition in the visual system of the brain of mice infected with the Fujisaki (K.Fu) strain of Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) disease. We report here that PrPd is deposited in the superior colliculus following contralateral intraocular inoculation and thus follows neuronal connections when it spreads into the brain. Until 26 weeks postinoculation, no PrPd-specific immunostaining was observed in the brain. At 27 weeks postinoculation, PrPd targeted to the contralateral superior colliculus as delicate granular synaptic deposits located in the superficial part of this structure. As already reported, a few spongiform vacuoles were visible in the same area by conventional H and E staining. In several other sections, vacuoles were visible but no PrPd staining could be detected.