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Effect of automatic tube voltage selection on image quality and radiation dose in abdominal CT angiography of various body sizes: A phantom study


Schindera, S T; Winklehner, A; Alkadhi, H; Goetti, R; Fischer, M; Gnannt, R; Szucs-Farkas, Z (2013). Effect of automatic tube voltage selection on image quality and radiation dose in abdominal CT angiography of various body sizes: A phantom study. Clinical Radiology, 68(2):e79-86.

Abstract

AIM: To assess the effect of an automatic tube voltage selection technique on image quality and radiation dose in abdominal computed tomography (CT) angiography of various body sizes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An abdominal aortic phantom was filled with iodinated contrast medium and placed into three different cylindrical water containers, which simulated a small, intermediate-sized, and large patient. The phantom was scanned with a standard 120 kVp abdominal CT angiography protocol and with an optimized tube voltage protocol that was modulated by an automatic tube voltage technique. The attenuation of the aorta, background, and image noise was measured, and the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was calculated. Three independent readers assessed the overall image quality. RESULTS: The automatic tube voltage technique selected 70 kVp as the optimal tube voltage for the small phantom, 80 kVp for the intermediate phantom, and 100 kVp for the large phantom. Compared to the standard 120 kVp protocol, the automatic tube voltage selection yielded significantly increased CNR values in the small phantom (15.8 versus 19.4, p < 0.001), intermediate phantom (8.4 versus 8.7, p < 0.05), and large phantom (4.3 versus 4.6, p < 0.01). The automatic tube voltage selection resulted in a 55%, 49%, and 39% reduction in the volume CT dose index (CTDI(vol)) in the small, intermediate, and large phantoms, respectively. The subjective overall image quality of the three phantom sizes at different tube voltages ranged between poor and good. CONCLUSION: Compared to a standard 120 kVp abdominal CT angiography protocol, the automatic tube voltage selection substantially reduced the radiation dose without compromising image quality in various simulated patient sizes.

Abstract

AIM: To assess the effect of an automatic tube voltage selection technique on image quality and radiation dose in abdominal computed tomography (CT) angiography of various body sizes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An abdominal aortic phantom was filled with iodinated contrast medium and placed into three different cylindrical water containers, which simulated a small, intermediate-sized, and large patient. The phantom was scanned with a standard 120 kVp abdominal CT angiography protocol and with an optimized tube voltage protocol that was modulated by an automatic tube voltage technique. The attenuation of the aorta, background, and image noise was measured, and the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was calculated. Three independent readers assessed the overall image quality. RESULTS: The automatic tube voltage technique selected 70 kVp as the optimal tube voltage for the small phantom, 80 kVp for the intermediate phantom, and 100 kVp for the large phantom. Compared to the standard 120 kVp protocol, the automatic tube voltage selection yielded significantly increased CNR values in the small phantom (15.8 versus 19.4, p < 0.001), intermediate phantom (8.4 versus 8.7, p < 0.05), and large phantom (4.3 versus 4.6, p < 0.01). The automatic tube voltage selection resulted in a 55%, 49%, and 39% reduction in the volume CT dose index (CTDI(vol)) in the small, intermediate, and large phantoms, respectively. The subjective overall image quality of the three phantom sizes at different tube voltages ranged between poor and good. CONCLUSION: Compared to a standard 120 kVp abdominal CT angiography protocol, the automatic tube voltage selection substantially reduced the radiation dose without compromising image quality in various simulated patient sizes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:27 Dec 2012 11:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:12
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0009-9260
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2012.10.007
PubMed ID:23219454

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