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Clonality in sarcoidosis, granuloma annulare, and granulomatous mycosis fungoides


Pfaltz, Katrin; Kerl, Katrin; Palmedo, Gabriele; Kutzner, Heinz; Kempf, Werner (2011). Clonality in sarcoidosis, granuloma annulare, and granulomatous mycosis fungoides. American Journal of Dermatopathology, 33(7):659-662.

Abstract

The histological discrimination of granulomatous cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) from reactive granulomatous disorders such as sarcoidosis and granuloma annulare (GA) may be difficult due to overlapping histological features. We analyzed the T-cell receptor gene rearrangement in sarcoidosis and GA to investigate the value of the detection of clonal T cells as an adjunctive diagnostic marker in the differentiation between sarcoidosis and GA versus granulomatous CTCLs. Rearrangement of T-cell receptor γ genes was examined by the use of automated high-resolution polymerase chain reaction fragment analysis in 35 cases of sarcoidosis and 15 cases of GA and compared with a series of 19 cases of granulomatous CTCLs. A monoclonal T-cell population was found in none of the cases of sarcoidosis and in 2 of 15 cases of GA (13%). In granulomatous CTCLs, a neoplastic T-cell clone was detected in 94%. Presence of clonal T cells argues in favour of a granulomatous CTCL, while a polyclonal T-cell population makes the presence of a sarcoidosis or a GA more likely. The analysis of T-cell clonality is a useful diagnostic adjunct in the differentiation between sarcoidosis and GA from granulomatous CTCLs.

Abstract

The histological discrimination of granulomatous cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) from reactive granulomatous disorders such as sarcoidosis and granuloma annulare (GA) may be difficult due to overlapping histological features. We analyzed the T-cell receptor gene rearrangement in sarcoidosis and GA to investigate the value of the detection of clonal T cells as an adjunctive diagnostic marker in the differentiation between sarcoidosis and GA versus granulomatous CTCLs. Rearrangement of T-cell receptor γ genes was examined by the use of automated high-resolution polymerase chain reaction fragment analysis in 35 cases of sarcoidosis and 15 cases of GA and compared with a series of 19 cases of granulomatous CTCLs. A monoclonal T-cell population was found in none of the cases of sarcoidosis and in 2 of 15 cases of GA (13%). In granulomatous CTCLs, a neoplastic T-cell clone was detected in 94%. Presence of clonal T cells argues in favour of a granulomatous CTCL, while a polyclonal T-cell population makes the presence of a sarcoidosis or a GA more likely. The analysis of T-cell clonality is a useful diagnostic adjunct in the differentiation between sarcoidosis and GA from granulomatous CTCLs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:21 Dec 2012 14:06
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:13
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0193-1091
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/DAD.0b013e318222f906
PubMed ID:21915025

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