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Normal values of Wiberg's lateral center-edge angle and Lequesne's acetabular index--a coxometric update


Werner, Clément M L; Ramseier, Leonhard E; Ruckstuhl, Thomas; Stromberg, Jeff; Copeland, Carol E; Turen, Clifford H; Rufibach, Kaspar; Bouaicha, Samy (2012). Normal values of Wiberg's lateral center-edge angle and Lequesne's acetabular index--a coxometric update. Skeletal Radiology, 41(10):1273-1278.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The historical pathological cut-off values for Wiberg's lateral center-edge (LCE) angle and Lequesne's acetabular index (AI) are below 20° and above 12° for the LCE and AI, respectively. The aim of this study was to reassess these two angles more than 50 years after their introduction using a standardized conventional radiological measurement method, considering changing social habits and their associated physiological changes. METHODS: A total of 1,226 anteroposterior radiographs of the pelvis (2,452 hips) were obtained according to a strict standardized radiographic technique allowing reliable measurements of the LCE angle and the AI. RESULTS: Distributions of the LCE and AI were pronouncedly Gaussian, with mean values of 33.6° for the LCE and 4.4° for the AI. The 2.5th and 97.5th empirical percentiles were 18.1 and 48.0° for the LCE and -6.9 and 14.9° for the AI. These intervals contained 95 % of the data in our large sample. Small but statistically significant differences between the sexes and right and left hips have been demonstrated. Correlation between age and coxometric indices was low. CONCLUSION: The above findings do not conflict with the historical benchmarks. Statistical differences between sexes and between right and left hips were not clinically relevant. No conclusion can be drawn about coxometric indices and clinical manifestations of hip dysplasia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The historical pathological cut-off values for Wiberg's lateral center-edge (LCE) angle and Lequesne's acetabular index (AI) are below 20° and above 12° for the LCE and AI, respectively. The aim of this study was to reassess these two angles more than 50 years after their introduction using a standardized conventional radiological measurement method, considering changing social habits and their associated physiological changes. METHODS: A total of 1,226 anteroposterior radiographs of the pelvis (2,452 hips) were obtained according to a strict standardized radiographic technique allowing reliable measurements of the LCE angle and the AI. RESULTS: Distributions of the LCE and AI were pronouncedly Gaussian, with mean values of 33.6° for the LCE and 4.4° for the AI. The 2.5th and 97.5th empirical percentiles were 18.1 and 48.0° for the LCE and -6.9 and 14.9° for the AI. These intervals contained 95 % of the data in our large sample. Small but statistically significant differences between the sexes and right and left hips have been demonstrated. Correlation between age and coxometric indices was low. CONCLUSION: The above findings do not conflict with the historical benchmarks. Statistical differences between sexes and between right and left hips were not clinically relevant. No conclusion can be drawn about coxometric indices and clinical manifestations of hip dysplasia.

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22 citations in Web of Science®
21 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Department of Trauma Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:29 Dec 2012 14:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:15
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0364-2348
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-012-1420-7
PubMed ID:22584462

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