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Assessment of inflammatory response to transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation compared to transapical and surgical procedures: a pilot study


Stähli, Barbara E; Grünenfelder, Jürg; Jacobs, Stephan; Falk, Volkmar; Landmesser, Ulf; Wischnewsky, Manfred B; Lüscher, Thomas F; Corti, Roberto; Maier, Willibald; Altwegg, Lukas A (2012). Assessment of inflammatory response to transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation compared to transapical and surgical procedures: a pilot study. Journal of Invasive Cardiology, 24(8):407-411.

Abstract

AIMS: Surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) has been associated with systemic inflammatory reactions. Yet, the role of inflammation following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has not been fully elucidated.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In a total of 40 patients evaluated by the 'heart team,' this retrospective study assessed levels of high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and leukocyte counts following 'uneventful' AVR and TAVI. Four groups of matched patients were compared (AVR; transapical and transfemoral Edwards SAPIEN [TA ES and TF ES, respectively]; and transfemoral Medtronic CoreValve [TF CV]). A postprocedural increase of both hs-CRP levels and leukocyte counts was observed (P<.001) with peak levels 48 hours after the procedures. Comparing treatment groups, hs-CRP levels at 48 hours were significantly higher following AVR and TA ES compared to TF ES and TF CV (P<.04). Leukocyte counts at 48 hours were higher following TA ES compared to TF ES and TF CV (P<.03). Multivariate analysis incorporating both hs-CRP levels and leukocyte counts confirmed significant differences for all measurements over time (P<.001). Furthermore, the treatment group significantly influenced postprocedural hs-CRP levels and leukocyte counts (P<.001).
CONCLUSION: Both AVR and TAVI evoke a postprocedural inflammatory response. Higher hs-CRP levels and leukocyte counts following AVR and apical TAVI suggest less inflammation following femoral procedures.

Abstract

AIMS: Surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) has been associated with systemic inflammatory reactions. Yet, the role of inflammation following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has not been fully elucidated.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In a total of 40 patients evaluated by the 'heart team,' this retrospective study assessed levels of high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and leukocyte counts following 'uneventful' AVR and TAVI. Four groups of matched patients were compared (AVR; transapical and transfemoral Edwards SAPIEN [TA ES and TF ES, respectively]; and transfemoral Medtronic CoreValve [TF CV]). A postprocedural increase of both hs-CRP levels and leukocyte counts was observed (P<.001) with peak levels 48 hours after the procedures. Comparing treatment groups, hs-CRP levels at 48 hours were significantly higher following AVR and TA ES compared to TF ES and TF CV (P<.04). Leukocyte counts at 48 hours were higher following TA ES compared to TF ES and TF CV (P<.03). Multivariate analysis incorporating both hs-CRP levels and leukocyte counts confirmed significant differences for all measurements over time (P<.001). Furthermore, the treatment group significantly influenced postprocedural hs-CRP levels and leukocyte counts (P<.001).
CONCLUSION: Both AVR and TAVI evoke a postprocedural inflammatory response. Higher hs-CRP levels and leukocyte counts following AVR and apical TAVI suggest less inflammation following femoral procedures.

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13 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:28 Feb 2013 09:50
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 17:54
Publisher:H M P Communications, LLC
ISSN:1042-3931
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://www.invasivecardiology.com/articles/assessment-inflammatory-response-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-compa
PubMed ID:22865312

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