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Effect of combined topical heparin and steroid on corneal neovascularization in children


Michels, R; Michels, S; Kaminski, S (2012). Effect of combined topical heparin and steroid on corneal neovascularization in children. Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging, 43(6):452-458.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To demonstrate the effect of topical heparin combined with topical steroid on corneal neovascularization (CN) in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Four children (5 eyes) with new-onset progressive CN in at least one eye received topical rimexolone or dexamethasone in combination with heparin until complete regression of CN was obtained. The regression of CN was documented by slit-lamp or anterior segment photography. RESULTS:All 5 eyes showed complete regression of CN within 5 months. An anti-angiogenic effect was found as early as 1 week after starting topical combination treatment. No ocular and systemic side effects were detected and treatment was well tolerated by all children. In the 3 eyes with involvement of the optical axis, symmetrical visual acuity was obtained by amblyopia treatment. Recurrence of the CN was detectable in 2 eyes at 1 and 6 months, respectively, after ending combination therapy. Both eyes responded favorably to re-treatment. CONCLUSION:Combination of topical heparin and steroid leads to rapid regression and complete inactivity of CN. This therapeutic approach is promising, especially in children with limited therapeutic alternatives and a high risk for amblyopia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To demonstrate the effect of topical heparin combined with topical steroid on corneal neovascularization (CN) in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Four children (5 eyes) with new-onset progressive CN in at least one eye received topical rimexolone or dexamethasone in combination with heparin until complete regression of CN was obtained. The regression of CN was documented by slit-lamp or anterior segment photography. RESULTS:All 5 eyes showed complete regression of CN within 5 months. An anti-angiogenic effect was found as early as 1 week after starting topical combination treatment. No ocular and systemic side effects were detected and treatment was well tolerated by all children. In the 3 eyes with involvement of the optical axis, symmetrical visual acuity was obtained by amblyopia treatment. Recurrence of the CN was detectable in 2 eyes at 1 and 6 months, respectively, after ending combination therapy. Both eyes responded favorably to re-treatment. CONCLUSION:Combination of topical heparin and steroid leads to rapid regression and complete inactivity of CN. This therapeutic approach is promising, especially in children with limited therapeutic alternatives and a high risk for amblyopia.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:2012
Deposited On:17 Jan 2013 12:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:17
Publisher:Slack
ISSN:1542-8877
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3928/15428877-20120726-01

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