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A bilayered hybrid microfibrous PLGA-Acellular matrix scaffold for hollow organ tissue engineering


Horst, Maya; Madduri, Srinivas; Milleret, Vincent; Sulser, Tullio; Gobet, Rita; Eberli, Daniel (2013). A bilayered hybrid microfibrous PLGA-Acellular matrix scaffold for hollow organ tissue engineering. Biomaterials, 34(5):1537-1545.

Abstract

Various synthetic and natural biomaterials have been used for regeneration of tissues and hollow organs. However, clinical outcome of reconstructive procedures remained challenging due to the lack of appropriate scaffold materials, supporting the needs of various cell types and providing a barrier function required in hollow organs. To address these problems, we have developed a bilayered hybrid scaffold comprising unique traits of polymeric microfibers and naturally derived acellular matrices and tested its potential for hollow organ regeneration in a rat bladder model. Hybrid scaffolds were fabricated by electrospinning of PLGA microfibers directly onto the abluminal surface of a bladder acellular matrix. Stability of this bilayered construct was established using modified spinning technique. The resulting 3-dimensional framework provided good support for growth, attachment and proliferation of primary bladder smooth muscle cells. Histological analysis in vivo at 4 and 8 weeks post implantation, revealed regeneration of bladder tissue structures consisting of urothelium, smooth muscle and collagen rich layers infiltrated with host cells and micro vessels. Furthermore, hybrid scaffolds maintained normal bladder capacity, whereas BAM recipients showed a significant distension of the bladder. These results demonstrate that this adaptable hybrid scaffold supports bladder regeneration and holds potential for engineering of bladder and other hollow organs.

Abstract

Various synthetic and natural biomaterials have been used for regeneration of tissues and hollow organs. However, clinical outcome of reconstructive procedures remained challenging due to the lack of appropriate scaffold materials, supporting the needs of various cell types and providing a barrier function required in hollow organs. To address these problems, we have developed a bilayered hybrid scaffold comprising unique traits of polymeric microfibers and naturally derived acellular matrices and tested its potential for hollow organ regeneration in a rat bladder model. Hybrid scaffolds were fabricated by electrospinning of PLGA microfibers directly onto the abluminal surface of a bladder acellular matrix. Stability of this bilayered construct was established using modified spinning technique. The resulting 3-dimensional framework provided good support for growth, attachment and proliferation of primary bladder smooth muscle cells. Histological analysis in vivo at 4 and 8 weeks post implantation, revealed regeneration of bladder tissue structures consisting of urothelium, smooth muscle and collagen rich layers infiltrated with host cells and micro vessels. Furthermore, hybrid scaffolds maintained normal bladder capacity, whereas BAM recipients showed a significant distension of the bladder. These results demonstrate that this adaptable hybrid scaffold supports bladder regeneration and holds potential for engineering of bladder and other hollow organs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Obstetrics
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Urological Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:21 Jan 2013 10:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:18
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0142-9612
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2012.10.075
PubMed ID:23177021

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