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Comparison and reproducibility of corneal thickness and curvature readings obtained by the Galilei and the Orbscan II analysis systems


Menassa, N; Kaufmann, C; Goggin, M; Job, O M; Bachmann, L M; Thiel, M A (2008). Comparison and reproducibility of corneal thickness and curvature readings obtained by the Galilei and the Orbscan II analysis systems. Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, 34(10):1742-1747.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare central corneal thickness (CCT) and keratometry readings using the Galilei dual Scheimpflug analyzer, the Orbscan II anterior segment analysis system, and the Sonogage ultrasound (US) pachymeter. SETTING: Lucerne Eye Clinic, Cantonal Hospital, Lucerne, Switzerland. METHODS: In a prospective single-center study, 85 eyes of 45 healthy volunteers were examined with the Orbscan II and Galilei systems in random order followed by Sonogage US pachymetry. The CCT and keratometry measurements were compared using a paired t test. To assess the intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility of the 2 keratometers, 9 volunteers were examined 3 times by 4 independent observers and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated. RESULTS: The mean CCT was 551.7 microm+/-36.6 (SD) with the Galilei, 554.8+/-45.1 microm with the Orbscan II, and 558.5+/-38.4 microm with the Sonogage. The CCT readings of the Galilei and Orbscan II did not differ significantly (P= .12). The mean keratometry readings with the Galilei and Orbscan II were similar, although both the steep (Ks) and flat (Kf) axes tended to be flatter with the Galilei system. The ICCs for CCT, Kf, and Ks were high with both keratometers (0.98, 0.97, 0.84 for Galilei and 0.97, 0.96, 0.95 for Orbscan II, respectively), indicating that variation in measurements was mainly due to true subject-to-subject variation rather than observer error. CONCLUSION: Keratometry and pachymetry readings with the Galilei and Orbscan II systems showed good concordance and high reproducibility, which would allow the examinations to be delegated to nonmedical personnel.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare central corneal thickness (CCT) and keratometry readings using the Galilei dual Scheimpflug analyzer, the Orbscan II anterior segment analysis system, and the Sonogage ultrasound (US) pachymeter. SETTING: Lucerne Eye Clinic, Cantonal Hospital, Lucerne, Switzerland. METHODS: In a prospective single-center study, 85 eyes of 45 healthy volunteers were examined with the Orbscan II and Galilei systems in random order followed by Sonogage US pachymetry. The CCT and keratometry measurements were compared using a paired t test. To assess the intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility of the 2 keratometers, 9 volunteers were examined 3 times by 4 independent observers and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated. RESULTS: The mean CCT was 551.7 microm+/-36.6 (SD) with the Galilei, 554.8+/-45.1 microm with the Orbscan II, and 558.5+/-38.4 microm with the Sonogage. The CCT readings of the Galilei and Orbscan II did not differ significantly (P= .12). The mean keratometry readings with the Galilei and Orbscan II were similar, although both the steep (Ks) and flat (Kf) axes tended to be flatter with the Galilei system. The ICCs for CCT, Kf, and Ks were high with both keratometers (0.98, 0.97, 0.84 for Galilei and 0.97, 0.96, 0.95 for Orbscan II, respectively), indicating that variation in measurements was mainly due to true subject-to-subject variation rather than observer error. CONCLUSION: Keratometry and pachymetry readings with the Galilei and Orbscan II systems showed good concordance and high reproducibility, which would allow the examinations to be delegated to nonmedical personnel.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:09 Dec 2008 13:02
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:39
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0886-3350
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2008.06.024
PubMed ID:18812127

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