Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Active tuberculosis is characterized by an antigen specific and strictly localized expansion of effector T cells at the site of infection


Nemeth, Johannes; Rumetshofer, Rudolf; Winkler, Heide-Maria; Burghuber, Otto C; Müller, Catharina; Winkler, Stefan (2012). Active tuberculosis is characterized by an antigen specific and strictly localized expansion of effector T cells at the site of infection. European Journal of Immunology, 42(11):2844-2850.

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-specific cytokine responses in the peripheral blood and at the site of infection may differ significantly within the same individual, but the under-lying T-cell subset changes are largely unknown. Here, we measured effector and memory T-cell markers on CD4⁺ T cells (CD45RO, cysteine chemokine receptor (CCR)7, and CD27) in peripheral blood and at the site of active tuberculosis (TB). Additionally, T cells were stimulated overnight with purified protein derivative (PPD) and early secretory antigenic target (ESAT)-6 to determine which T-cell subset produces MTB-specific interferon (IFN)-γ. A striking decrease in CCR7 and CD27 expression on T cells was noted at the site of active TB. Likewise, IFN-γ expressing, ESAT-6 specific CD4⁺CD45RO⁺CD27⁻ T cells were dramatically increased at the site of infection but were not detectable in peripheral blood. An antigen-specific expansion of differentiated T cells at the site of active TB infection was poorly reflected in peripheral blood. Insight in these changes in MTB-specific effector T cells in different compartments of the body could lead to new approaches for immune-based diagnosis and interventions.

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-specific cytokine responses in the peripheral blood and at the site of infection may differ significantly within the same individual, but the under-lying T-cell subset changes are largely unknown. Here, we measured effector and memory T-cell markers on CD4⁺ T cells (CD45RO, cysteine chemokine receptor (CCR)7, and CD27) in peripheral blood and at the site of active tuberculosis (TB). Additionally, T cells were stimulated overnight with purified protein derivative (PPD) and early secretory antigenic target (ESAT)-6 to determine which T-cell subset produces MTB-specific interferon (IFN)-γ. A striking decrease in CCR7 and CD27 expression on T cells was noted at the site of active TB. Likewise, IFN-γ expressing, ESAT-6 specific CD4⁺CD45RO⁺CD27⁻ T cells were dramatically increased at the site of infection but were not detectable in peripheral blood. An antigen-specific expansion of differentiated T cells at the site of active TB infection was poorly reflected in peripheral blood. Insight in these changes in MTB-specific effector T cells in different compartments of the body could lead to new approaches for immune-based diagnosis and interventions.

Statistics

Citations

4 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:24 Jan 2013 09:44
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:19
Publisher:Wiley-VCH Verlag Berlin
ISSN:0014-2980
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.201242678
PubMed ID:22821397

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher