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Plasma midregional proadrenomedullin in newborn infants: impact of prematurity and perinatal infection


Admaty, D; Benzing, J; Burkhardt, T; Lapaire, O; Hegi, L; Szinnai, G; Morgenthaler, N; Bucher, H U; Bührer, C; Wellmann, S (2012). Plasma midregional proadrenomedullin in newborn infants: impact of prematurity and perinatal infection. Pediatric Research, 72(1):70-76.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Adrenomedullin (ADM) is one of the strongest endogenous vasodilating hormones. Its stable by-product midregional-proADM (MR-proADM) is an established indicator of systemic infection and cardiovascular compromise in adult patients.
METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the perinatal factors affecting MR-proADM plasma concentrations in 328 newborn infants with a gestational age (GA) between 24 and 41 wk.
RESULTS: Blood samples were obtained in 270 infants from umbilical veins (with additional 108 paired samples from umbilical arteries), and at 2-3 d of life in 183 infants. Paired venous and arterial umbilical cord MR-proADM concentrations were closely related (Spearman's rank order correlation coefficient (R(s)) = 0.825, P < 0.001). MR-proADM concentrations at birth and at 2-3 d were inversely related to GA (R(s) = -0.403 and R(s) = -0.541, respectively) and birth weight (BW; R(s) = -0.421 and R(s) = -0.530, respectively; all P < 0.001). On stepwise regression analysis, clinical chorioamnionitis and umbilical arterial blood base excess retained a significant impact on MR-proADM cord venous blood concentrations. At 2-3 d of life, histologic chorioamnionitis and GA at delivery were significantly associated with MR-proADM levels.
DISCUSSION: As compared with adults, MR-proADM concentrations are elevated in neonates, especially those born very preterm. Immaturity and infection, which both feature low systemic vascular resistance, are related to increased MR-proADM concentrations.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Adrenomedullin (ADM) is one of the strongest endogenous vasodilating hormones. Its stable by-product midregional-proADM (MR-proADM) is an established indicator of systemic infection and cardiovascular compromise in adult patients.
METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the perinatal factors affecting MR-proADM plasma concentrations in 328 newborn infants with a gestational age (GA) between 24 and 41 wk.
RESULTS: Blood samples were obtained in 270 infants from umbilical veins (with additional 108 paired samples from umbilical arteries), and at 2-3 d of life in 183 infants. Paired venous and arterial umbilical cord MR-proADM concentrations were closely related (Spearman's rank order correlation coefficient (R(s)) = 0.825, P < 0.001). MR-proADM concentrations at birth and at 2-3 d were inversely related to GA (R(s) = -0.403 and R(s) = -0.541, respectively) and birth weight (BW; R(s) = -0.421 and R(s) = -0.530, respectively; all P < 0.001). On stepwise regression analysis, clinical chorioamnionitis and umbilical arterial blood base excess retained a significant impact on MR-proADM cord venous blood concentrations. At 2-3 d of life, histologic chorioamnionitis and GA at delivery were significantly associated with MR-proADM levels.
DISCUSSION: As compared with adults, MR-proADM concentrations are elevated in neonates, especially those born very preterm. Immaturity and infection, which both feature low systemic vascular resistance, are related to increased MR-proADM concentrations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neonatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:24 Jan 2013 11:21
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:19
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0031-3998
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/pr.2012.38
Related URLs:http://www.zora.uzh.ch/74203/
PubMed ID:22447319

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