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Rabies: relevance, prevention, and management in travel medicine


Hatz, Christoph; Kuenzli, Esther; Funk, Maia (2012). Rabies: relevance, prevention, and management in travel medicine. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, 26(3):739-753.

Abstract

Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease, transmitted only in mammals. Terrestrial rabies, predominantly transmitted by dogs, is the most important rabies cycle threatening humans. The causative neurotropic virus is a negative-stranded RNA virus of the family Rhabdoviridae, genus Lyssavirus. This genus contains several rabies-related viruses. All variants are known or suspected to cause rabieslike diseases. Transmission occurs by the virus entering through the skin or the mucosa after bites, scratches, or preexisting injuries contaminated by the saliva of an infected mammal. Only 51 human rabies cases that have not been transmitted by animal bites are described.

Abstract

Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease, transmitted only in mammals. Terrestrial rabies, predominantly transmitted by dogs, is the most important rabies cycle threatening humans. The causative neurotropic virus is a negative-stranded RNA virus of the family Rhabdoviridae, genus Lyssavirus. This genus contains several rabies-related viruses. All variants are known or suspected to cause rabieslike diseases. Transmission occurs by the virus entering through the skin or the mucosa after bites, scratches, or preexisting injuries contaminated by the saliva of an infected mammal. Only 51 human rabies cases that have not been transmitted by animal bites are described.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English, German
Date:2012
Deposited On:18 Jan 2013 07:19
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 18:25
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0891-5520
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idc.2012.05.001
PubMed ID:22963781

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