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H II region variability and pre-main-sequence evolution


Klassen, Mikhail; Peters, Thomas; Pudritz, Ralph E (2012). H II region variability and pre-main-sequence evolution. Astrophysical Journal, 758(2):137.

Abstract

Recent observations and simulations have suggested that H II regions around massive stars may vary in their size and emitted flux on timescales short enough to be observed. This variability can have a number of causes, ranging from environmental causes to variability of the ionizing source itself. We explore the latter possibility by considering the pre-main-sequence evolution of massive protostars and conducting numerical simulations with ionizing radiation feedback using the FLASH AMR hydrodynamics code. We investigate three different models: a simple zero-age main-sequence model, a self-consistent one-zone model by Offner et al., and a model fit to the tracks computed by Hosokawa & Omukai. The protostellar models show that hypercompact H II regions around massive, isolated protostars collapse or shrink from diameters of 80 or 300 AU, depending on the model choice, down to near absence during the swelling of stellar radius that accompanies the protostar's transition from a convective to a radiative internal structure. This occurs on timescales as short as ~3000 years.

Abstract

Recent observations and simulations have suggested that H II regions around massive stars may vary in their size and emitted flux on timescales short enough to be observed. This variability can have a number of causes, ranging from environmental causes to variability of the ionizing source itself. We explore the latter possibility by considering the pre-main-sequence evolution of massive protostars and conducting numerical simulations with ionizing radiation feedback using the FLASH AMR hydrodynamics code. We investigate three different models: a simple zero-age main-sequence model, a self-consistent one-zone model by Offner et al., and a model fit to the tracks computed by Hosokawa & Omukai. The protostellar models show that hypercompact H II regions around massive, isolated protostars collapse or shrink from diameters of 80 or 300 AU, depending on the model choice, down to near absence during the swelling of stellar radius that accompanies the protostar's transition from a convective to a radiative internal structure. This occurs on timescales as short as ~3000 years.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute for Computational Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:October 2012
Deposited On:22 Jan 2013 16:33
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:21
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN:0004-637X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/758/2/137

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