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Control of M184V HIV-1 mutants by CD8 T-cell responses


Vollbrecht, Thomas; Eberle, Josef; Roider, Julia; Bühler, Silja; Stirner, Renate; Henrich, Nadja; Seybold, Ulrich; Bogner, Johannes R; Draenert, Rika (2012). Control of M184V HIV-1 mutants by CD8 T-cell responses. Medical Microbiology and Immunology, 201(2):201-211.

Abstract

Antiretroviral treatment directed against HIV is highly effective, yet limited by drug resistance mutations. We hypothesized that CD8 T cells targeting drug-resistant HIV mutants are able to inhibit viral replication in the setting of a failing therapeutic regimen. We evaluated CD8 T-cell responses and mapped epitopes in HIV-infected patients by interferon-gamma Elispot and intracellular cytokine staining. Autologous virus was sequenced by RT-PCR. Viral replication inhibition assays were performed using M184V mutant virus and CD8 T cell lines. CD8 T-cell responses toward the regions of viral drug resistance mutations in Pol are frequent. Focusing on the M184V mutation, A*02:01-YQYVDDLYV and A*02:01-VIYQYVDDLYV were identified as optimal epitopes for the majority of study subjects. Viral replication of M184V HIV mutants was inhibited by CD8 T cell lines in vitro. In case of a failing lamivudine/emtricitabine containing regimen, individuals with a CD8 T-cell response toward M184V had a significant lower viral load than those without a CD8 response (p = 0.005). Two study subjects even achieved an undetectable viral load. Our data suggest that control of M184V mutant virus by CD8 T-cell responses is possible in vitro and in vivo. This control has important implications for therapeutic vaccination strategies.

Abstract

Antiretroviral treatment directed against HIV is highly effective, yet limited by drug resistance mutations. We hypothesized that CD8 T cells targeting drug-resistant HIV mutants are able to inhibit viral replication in the setting of a failing therapeutic regimen. We evaluated CD8 T-cell responses and mapped epitopes in HIV-infected patients by interferon-gamma Elispot and intracellular cytokine staining. Autologous virus was sequenced by RT-PCR. Viral replication inhibition assays were performed using M184V mutant virus and CD8 T cell lines. CD8 T-cell responses toward the regions of viral drug resistance mutations in Pol are frequent. Focusing on the M184V mutation, A*02:01-YQYVDDLYV and A*02:01-VIYQYVDDLYV were identified as optimal epitopes for the majority of study subjects. Viral replication of M184V HIV mutants was inhibited by CD8 T cell lines in vitro. In case of a failing lamivudine/emtricitabine containing regimen, individuals with a CD8 T-cell response toward M184V had a significant lower viral load than those without a CD8 response (p = 0.005). Two study subjects even achieved an undetectable viral load. Our data suggest that control of M184V mutant virus by CD8 T-cell responses is possible in vitro and in vivo. This control has important implications for therapeutic vaccination strategies.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:17 Jan 2013 15:55
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:22
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0300-8584
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00430-011-0222-1
PubMed ID:22200907

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