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Differences in prevalence, extent, severity, and prognosis of coronary artery disease among patients with and without diabetes undergoing coronary computed tomography angiography: results from 10,110 individuals from the CONFIRM (COronary CT Angiography EvaluatioN For Clinical Outcomes): an InteRnational Multicenter Registry.


Rana, Jamal S; Dunning, Allison; Achenbach, Stephan; Al-Mallah, Mouaz; Budoff, Matthew J; Cademartiri, Filippo; Callister, Tracy Q; Chang, Hyuk-Jae; Cheng, Victor Y; Chinnaiyan, Kavitha; Chow, Benjamin J W; Cury, Ricardo; Delago, Augustin; Feuchtner, Gudrun; Hadamitzky, Martin; Hausleiter, Jörg; Kaufmann, Philipp; Karlsberg, Ronald P; Kim, Yong-Jin; Leipsic, Jonathon; Labounty, Troy M; Lin, Fay Y; Maffei, Erica; Raff, Gilbert; Villines, Todd C; Shaw, Leslee J; Berman, Daniel S; Min, James K (2012). Differences in prevalence, extent, severity, and prognosis of coronary artery disease among patients with and without diabetes undergoing coronary computed tomography angiography: results from 10,110 individuals from the CONFIRM (COronary CT Angiography EvaluatioN For Clinical Outcomes): an InteRnational Multicenter Registry. Diabetes Care, 35(8):1787-1794.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence, extent, severity, and prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) in individuals with and without diabetes (DM) who are similar in CAD risk factors.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We identified 23,643 consecutive individuals without known CAD undergoing coronary computed tomography angiography. A total of 3,370 DM individuals were propensity matched in a 1-to-2 fashion to 6,740 unique non-DM individuals. CAD was defined as none, nonobstructive (1-49% stenosis), or obstructive (≥ 50% stenosis). All-cause mortality was assessed by risk-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models.
RESULTS: At a 2.2-year follow-up, 108 (3.2%) and 115 (1.7%) deaths occurred among DM and non-DM individuals, respectively. Compared with non-DM individuals, DM individuals possessed higher rates of obstructive CAD (37 vs. 27%) and lower rates of having normal arteries (28 vs. 36%) (P < 0.0001). CAD extent was higher for DM versus non-DM individuals for obstructive one-vessel disease (19 vs. 14%), two-vessel disease (9 vs. 7%), and three-vessel disease (9 vs. 5%) (P < 0.0001 for comparison), with higher per-segment stenosis in the proximal and mid-segments of every coronary artery (P < 0.001 for all). Compared with non-DM individuals with no CAD, risk of mortality for DM individuals was higher for those with no CAD (hazard ratio 3.63 [95% CI 1.67-7.91]; P = 0.001), nonobstructive CAD (5.25 [2.56-10.8]; P < 0.001), one-vessel disease (6.39 [2.98-13.7]; P < 0.0001), two-vessel disease (12.33 [5.622-27.1]; P < 0.0001), and three-vessel disease (13.25 [6.15-28.6]; P < 0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with matched non-DM individuals, DM individuals possess higher prevalence, extent, and severity of CAD. At comparable levels of CAD, DM individuals experience higher risk of mortality compared with non-DM individuals.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence, extent, severity, and prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) in individuals with and without diabetes (DM) who are similar in CAD risk factors.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We identified 23,643 consecutive individuals without known CAD undergoing coronary computed tomography angiography. A total of 3,370 DM individuals were propensity matched in a 1-to-2 fashion to 6,740 unique non-DM individuals. CAD was defined as none, nonobstructive (1-49% stenosis), or obstructive (≥ 50% stenosis). All-cause mortality was assessed by risk-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models.
RESULTS: At a 2.2-year follow-up, 108 (3.2%) and 115 (1.7%) deaths occurred among DM and non-DM individuals, respectively. Compared with non-DM individuals, DM individuals possessed higher rates of obstructive CAD (37 vs. 27%) and lower rates of having normal arteries (28 vs. 36%) (P < 0.0001). CAD extent was higher for DM versus non-DM individuals for obstructive one-vessel disease (19 vs. 14%), two-vessel disease (9 vs. 7%), and three-vessel disease (9 vs. 5%) (P < 0.0001 for comparison), with higher per-segment stenosis in the proximal and mid-segments of every coronary artery (P < 0.001 for all). Compared with non-DM individuals with no CAD, risk of mortality for DM individuals was higher for those with no CAD (hazard ratio 3.63 [95% CI 1.67-7.91]; P = 0.001), nonobstructive CAD (5.25 [2.56-10.8]; P < 0.001), one-vessel disease (6.39 [2.98-13.7]; P < 0.0001), two-vessel disease (12.33 [5.622-27.1]; P < 0.0001), and three-vessel disease (13.25 [6.15-28.6]; P < 0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with matched non-DM individuals, DM individuals possess higher prevalence, extent, and severity of CAD. At comparable levels of CAD, DM individuals experience higher risk of mortality compared with non-DM individuals.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:04 Feb 2013 10:18
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 18:39
Publisher:American Diabetes Association
ISSN:0149-5992
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-2403
PubMed ID:22699296

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