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Diagnostic value of 13N-ammonia myocardial perfusion PET: added value of myocardial flow reserve


Fiechter, Michael; Ghadri, Jelena R; Gebhard, Cathérine; Fuchs, Tobias A; Pazhenkottil, Aju P; Nkoulou, Rene N; Herzog, Bernhard A; Wyss, Christophe A; Gaemperli, Oliver; Kaufmann, Philipp A (2012). Diagnostic value of 13N-ammonia myocardial perfusion PET: added value of myocardial flow reserve. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 53(8):1230-1234.

Abstract

UNLABELLED: The ability to obtain quantitative values of flow and myocardial flow reserve (MFR) has been perceived as an important advantage of PET over conventional nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). We evaluated the added diagnostic value of MFR over MPI alone as assessed with (13)N-ammonia and PET/CT to predict angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD).
METHODS: Seventy-three patients underwent 1-d adenosine stress-rest (13)N-ammonia PET/CT MPI, and MFR was calculated. The added value of MFR as an adjunct to MPI for predicting CAD (luminal narrowing ≥ 50%) was evaluated using invasive coronary angiography as a standard of reference.
RESULTS: Per patient, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of MPI for detecting significant CAD were 79%, 80%, 91%, 59%, and 79%, respectively. Adding a cutoff of less than 2.0 for global MFR to MPI findings improved the values to 96% (P < 0.005), 80%, 93%, 89% (P < 0.005), and 92% (P < 0.005), respectively.
CONCLUSION: The quantification of MFR in (13)N-ammonia PET/CT MPI provides a substantial added diagnostic value for detection of CAD. Particularly in patients with normal MPI results, quantification of MFR helps to unmask clinically significant CAD.

Abstract

UNLABELLED: The ability to obtain quantitative values of flow and myocardial flow reserve (MFR) has been perceived as an important advantage of PET over conventional nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). We evaluated the added diagnostic value of MFR over MPI alone as assessed with (13)N-ammonia and PET/CT to predict angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD).
METHODS: Seventy-three patients underwent 1-d adenosine stress-rest (13)N-ammonia PET/CT MPI, and MFR was calculated. The added value of MFR as an adjunct to MPI for predicting CAD (luminal narrowing ≥ 50%) was evaluated using invasive coronary angiography as a standard of reference.
RESULTS: Per patient, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of MPI for detecting significant CAD were 79%, 80%, 91%, 59%, and 79%, respectively. Adding a cutoff of less than 2.0 for global MFR to MPI findings improved the values to 96% (P < 0.005), 80%, 93%, 89% (P < 0.005), and 92% (P < 0.005), respectively.
CONCLUSION: The quantification of MFR in (13)N-ammonia PET/CT MPI provides a substantial added diagnostic value for detection of CAD. Particularly in patients with normal MPI results, quantification of MFR helps to unmask clinically significant CAD.

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58 citations in Web of Science®
70 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:04 Feb 2013 10:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:22
Publisher:Society of Nuclear Medicine
ISSN:0161-5505
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.111.101840
PubMed ID:22776752

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